The long-term outcome of mechanical aortic and mitral prosthetic valve (A-PV, M-PV) dysfunction (PVD) remains a serious complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of combined transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and fluoroscopy (F) in patients with suspected PVD. A total of 354 patients (178 A-PV, 176 M-PV) were imaged by TTE and F within 5 days of hospital admission. PVD was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography, effective thrombolysis, or surgical inspection. PVD was confirmed in 101 patients (57%) with M-PV and 99 (55%) with A-PV. Regardless of the mechanism of PVD, TTE shows good sensitivity and specificity, with accuracy of 80% for M-PV and 91% for A-PV. F shows high specificity, but low sensitivity with accuracy of 68% for M-PV and 78% for A-PV. The integration of TTE + F significantly improved accuracy both for M-PV (83%) and A-PV (96%). At ROC analysis, the combined model of TTE + F showed the highest area under the curve for the detection of PVD compared with TTE and F alone (p < 0.001). In conclusion, in patients with a clinical suspicion of PVD, the combined model of TTE + F offers incremental value over TTE or F alone. This multimodality imaging approach overcomes limitations of TTE or F alone and provides prompt identification of patients who may require further imaging assessment and/or closer follow up.

Detection of Mechanical Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction / M. Muratori, L. Fusini, S. Ghulam Ali, G. Teruzzi, N. Corrieri, P. Gripari, M. Mapelli, A. Annoni, G. Tamborini, M.G. Rabbat, G. Pontone, F. Alamanni, P. Montorsi, M. Pepi. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9149. - (2021 May 18). [Epub ahead of print]

Detection of Mechanical Prosthetic Valve Dysfunction

S. Ghulam Ali;N. Corrieri;P. Gripari;M. Mapelli;G. Pontone;F. Alamanni;P. Montorsi;
2021-05-18

Abstract

The long-term outcome of mechanical aortic and mitral prosthetic valve (A-PV, M-PV) dysfunction (PVD) remains a serious complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of combined transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and fluoroscopy (F) in patients with suspected PVD. A total of 354 patients (178 A-PV, 176 M-PV) were imaged by TTE and F within 5 days of hospital admission. PVD was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography, effective thrombolysis, or surgical inspection. PVD was confirmed in 101 patients (57%) with M-PV and 99 (55%) with A-PV. Regardless of the mechanism of PVD, TTE shows good sensitivity and specificity, with accuracy of 80% for M-PV and 91% for A-PV. F shows high specificity, but low sensitivity with accuracy of 68% for M-PV and 78% for A-PV. The integration of TTE + F significantly improved accuracy both for M-PV (83%) and A-PV (96%). At ROC analysis, the combined model of TTE + F showed the highest area under the curve for the detection of PVD compared with TTE and F alone (p < 0.001). In conclusion, in patients with a clinical suspicion of PVD, the combined model of TTE + F offers incremental value over TTE or F alone. This multimodality imaging approach overcomes limitations of TTE or F alone and provides prompt identification of patients who may require further imaging assessment and/or closer follow up.
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0002914921003258-main.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.74 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.74 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/847375
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact