Focusing on point-scale random variables, i.e. variables whose support consists of the first m positive integers, we discuss how to build a joint distribution with pre-specified marginal distributions and Pearson’s correlation ρ. After recalling how the desired value ρ is not free to vary between −1 and +1, but generally ranges a narrower interval, whose bounds depend on the two marginal distributions, we devise a procedure that first identifies a class of joint distributions, based on a parametric family of copulas, having the desired margins, and then adjusts the copula parameter in order to match the desired correlation. The proposed methodology addresses a need which often arises when assessing the performance and robustness of some new statistical technique, i.e. trying to build a huge number of replicates of a given dataset, which satisfy—on average—some of its features (for example, the empirical marginal distributions and the pairwise linear correlations). The proposal shows several advantages, such as—among others—allowing for dependence structures other than the Gaussian and being able to accommodate the copula parameter up to an assigned level of precision for ρ with a very small computational cost. Based on this procedure, we also suggest a two-step estimation technique for copula-based bivariate discrete distributions, which can be used as an alternative to full and two-step maximum likelihood estimation. Numerical illustration and empirical evidence are provided through some examples and a Monte Carlo simulation study, involving the CUB distribution and three different copulas; an application to real data is also discussed.

Inducing a desired value of correlation between two point-scale variables : a two-step procedure using copulas / A. Barbiero. - In: ASTA ADVANCES IN STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1863-8171. - 105:2(2021 Jun), pp. 307-334. [10.1007/s10182-021-00405-9]

Inducing a desired value of correlation between two point-scale variables : a two-step procedure using copulas

A. Barbiero
2021-06

Abstract

Focusing on point-scale random variables, i.e. variables whose support consists of the first m positive integers, we discuss how to build a joint distribution with pre-specified marginal distributions and Pearson’s correlation ρ. After recalling how the desired value ρ is not free to vary between −1 and +1, but generally ranges a narrower interval, whose bounds depend on the two marginal distributions, we devise a procedure that first identifies a class of joint distributions, based on a parametric family of copulas, having the desired margins, and then adjusts the copula parameter in order to match the desired correlation. The proposed methodology addresses a need which often arises when assessing the performance and robustness of some new statistical technique, i.e. trying to build a huge number of replicates of a given dataset, which satisfy—on average—some of its features (for example, the empirical marginal distributions and the pairwise linear correlations). The proposal shows several advantages, such as—among others—allowing for dependence structures other than the Gaussian and being able to accommodate the copula parameter up to an assigned level of precision for ρ with a very small computational cost. Based on this procedure, we also suggest a two-step estimation technique for copula-based bivariate discrete distributions, which can be used as an alternative to full and two-step maximum likelihood estimation. Numerical illustration and empirical evidence are provided through some examples and a Monte Carlo simulation study, involving the CUB distribution and three different copulas; an application to real data is also discussed.
attainable correlations; copula; fréchet bounds; latent model; monte carlo simulation; ordinal variables
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
29-mag-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/847347
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