We study the properties of singly quantized linear vortices in the supersolid phase of a dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate at zero-temperature modeling Dy164 atoms. The system is extended in the x-y plane and confined by a harmonic trap in the polarization direction z. Our study is based on a generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We characterize the ground state of the system in terms of spatial order and superfluid fraction and compare the properties of a single vortex and of a vortex dipole in the superfluid phase (SFP) and in the supersolid phase (SSP). At variance with a vortex in the SFP, which is free to move in the superfluid, a vortex in the SSP is localized at the interstitial sites and does not move freely. We have computed the energy barrier for motion from an equilibrium site to another. The fact that the vortex is submitted to a periodic potential has a dramatic effect on the dynamics of a vortex dipole made of two counter-rotating parallel vortices; instead of rigidly translating as in the SFP, the vortex and antivortex approach each other by a series of jumps from one site to another until they annihilate in a very short time and their energy is transferred to bulk excitations.
Vortex properties in the extended supersolid phase of dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates / F. Ancilotto, M. Barranco, M. Pi, L. Reatto. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 2469-9926. - 103:3(2021 Mar 16).
|Titolo:||Vortex properties in the extended supersolid phase of dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates|
REATTO, LUCIANO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
|Data di pubblicazione:||16-mar-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.103.033314|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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