Introduction: Studies in familial Amyothrophical Lateral Sclerosis (fALS), are implicating more and more neuronal proliferation and differentiation. It has been shown that in the familial preclinical SOD1-G93A ALS murine model, ependymal stem progenitor cells show a higher proliferation and differentiation towards the neuronal lineage. LncRNAs play a role in neuronal cell’s development, and the ablation of a panel of 8 lncRNAs (lincENC1, lincBRN1a, lincBRN1b, TUG1, FENDRR, lincp21, HOTTIP and ELDR) causes strong modifications in mouse brain’s development. We decided to study the potential involvement of these lncRNAs in ALS pathology. Materials and Methods: The lncRNAs were investigated in three different spinal cord (SC) areas (cervical, thoracic and lumbar) and in four brain areas (prefrontal cortex, motor cortex, hippocampus, striatum) of pre-symptomatic (8 Weeks) and symptomatic 18 weeks of age SOD1-G93A mice. Furthermore, 6 human homologues (lincBRN1a, TUG1, lincp21, FENDRR, HOTTIP and ELDR) were identified and their expression was investigated in an in vitro model of the disease (SH-SY5Y cells transfected with the SOD1-G93A gene). Results: The lncRNAs expression profile was deregulated in all analyzed areas. Linc-p21 presented an alteration in its expression levels in all analyzed areas at 18 Weeks. We also found and upregulation for p53 and in symptomatic SOD1-G93A mice, indicating a deregulation in the p53/linc-p21/p21 pathway. Tug1, which was found upregulated in the lumbar spinal cord of SOD1-G93A mice at both 8 and 18 weeks of age and relating to this we found an increased expression of its down-stream targets Tril/Tlr4, indicating an on-going inflammatory phenomenon. For linc-Brn1a and linc-Brn1b we found a predominant deregulation in the pre-symptomatic mice, suggesting they could be relevant in early phases of CNS development of G93A disease model. A reduced, although present, deregulation was found for Hottip, Eldrr, Linc-Enc1, and Fendrr. In SH-SY5Y-SOD1G93A, the 6 human homologues all resulted deregulated versus the wild-type cell line. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study is the first characterization of a panel of 8 lncRNAs in ALS, indicating a deregulation in all of their expression in specific ALS affected areas or at different stages of the pathogenesis. The analysis in an in vitro human cellule model of the disease indicates a possible translation of these results the human fALS pathology.

LncRNAs associated with neuronal development and oncogenesis are deregulated in SOD1-G93A murine model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / S. Carelli, F. Rey, S. Marcuzzo, S. Bonanno, C. Cereda, G.V. Zuccotti. ((Intervento presentato al convegno ENCALS - European network to cure ALS tenutosi a online nel 2021.

LncRNAs associated with neuronal development and oncogenesis are deregulated in SOD1-G93A murine model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

S. Carelli;F. Rey;G.V. Zuccotti
2021-05-12

Abstract

Introduction: Studies in familial Amyothrophical Lateral Sclerosis (fALS), are implicating more and more neuronal proliferation and differentiation. It has been shown that in the familial preclinical SOD1-G93A ALS murine model, ependymal stem progenitor cells show a higher proliferation and differentiation towards the neuronal lineage. LncRNAs play a role in neuronal cell’s development, and the ablation of a panel of 8 lncRNAs (lincENC1, lincBRN1a, lincBRN1b, TUG1, FENDRR, lincp21, HOTTIP and ELDR) causes strong modifications in mouse brain’s development. We decided to study the potential involvement of these lncRNAs in ALS pathology. Materials and Methods: The lncRNAs were investigated in three different spinal cord (SC) areas (cervical, thoracic and lumbar) and in four brain areas (prefrontal cortex, motor cortex, hippocampus, striatum) of pre-symptomatic (8 Weeks) and symptomatic 18 weeks of age SOD1-G93A mice. Furthermore, 6 human homologues (lincBRN1a, TUG1, lincp21, FENDRR, HOTTIP and ELDR) were identified and their expression was investigated in an in vitro model of the disease (SH-SY5Y cells transfected with the SOD1-G93A gene). Results: The lncRNAs expression profile was deregulated in all analyzed areas. Linc-p21 presented an alteration in its expression levels in all analyzed areas at 18 Weeks. We also found and upregulation for p53 and in symptomatic SOD1-G93A mice, indicating a deregulation in the p53/linc-p21/p21 pathway. Tug1, which was found upregulated in the lumbar spinal cord of SOD1-G93A mice at both 8 and 18 weeks of age and relating to this we found an increased expression of its down-stream targets Tril/Tlr4, indicating an on-going inflammatory phenomenon. For linc-Brn1a and linc-Brn1b we found a predominant deregulation in the pre-symptomatic mice, suggesting they could be relevant in early phases of CNS development of G93A disease model. A reduced, although present, deregulation was found for Hottip, Eldrr, Linc-Enc1, and Fendrr. In SH-SY5Y-SOD1G93A, the 6 human homologues all resulted deregulated versus the wild-type cell line. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study is the first characterization of a panel of 8 lncRNAs in ALS, indicating a deregulation in all of their expression in specific ALS affected areas or at different stages of the pathogenesis. The analysis in an in vitro human cellule model of the disease indicates a possible translation of these results the human fALS pathology.
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
European network to cure ALS-Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
LncRNAs associated with neuronal development and oncogenesis are deregulated in SOD1-G93A murine model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / S. Carelli, F. Rey, S. Marcuzzo, S. Bonanno, C. Cereda, G.V. Zuccotti. ((Intervento presentato al convegno ENCALS - European network to cure ALS tenutosi a online nel 2021.
Conference Object
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Carelli et al-MouseSOD1G93A.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 85.5 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
85.5 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/844132
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact