Although the court of Turin’s role in the new balance of power in Europe during the War of the Spanish Succession is well known, far less is known about the strategic function of its collateral courts, such as the court of the princes of Savoy-Carignano. Based on the correspondence of the Savoy ambassador to Madrid, Costanzo Operti (1690–95), this article focuses on these courts to demonstrate the formal and informal diplomatic interplay among male and female aristocrats from 1640 to the end of the seventeenth century. One such noblewoman, Olimpia Mancini of Carignano-Soissons, was an Italian who grew up in the French court and maintained a close relationship with Louis XIV. As the wife of a prince of the Savoy-Carignano branch, she held important positions in Turin, Paris, and Madrid. Mother to the famous prince and military warrior Eugene of Savoy, after she lost her powerful status in France, she sought to find a place in the Madrid court as lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie Louise de Orléans. Her mother-in-law, Marie de Bourbon-Soissons, played an outstanding role in maintaining the honour and prestige of the court of Carignano.

“Tutti gli occhi del mondo”: Court Networks between Turin and Madrid, 1640–1700 / B.A. Raviola. - In: RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION. - ISSN 0034-429X. - 43:4(2020), pp. 199-218.

“Tutti gli occhi del mondo”: Court Networks between Turin and Madrid, 1640–1700

B.A. Raviola
2020

Abstract

Although the court of Turin’s role in the new balance of power in Europe during the War of the Spanish Succession is well known, far less is known about the strategic function of its collateral courts, such as the court of the princes of Savoy-Carignano. Based on the correspondence of the Savoy ambassador to Madrid, Costanzo Operti (1690–95), this article focuses on these courts to demonstrate the formal and informal diplomatic interplay among male and female aristocrats from 1640 to the end of the seventeenth century. One such noblewoman, Olimpia Mancini of Carignano-Soissons, was an Italian who grew up in the French court and maintained a close relationship with Louis XIV. As the wife of a prince of the Savoy-Carignano branch, she held important positions in Turin, Paris, and Madrid. Mother to the famous prince and military warrior Eugene of Savoy, after she lost her powerful status in France, she sought to find a place in the Madrid court as lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie Louise de Orléans. Her mother-in-law, Marie de Bourbon-Soissons, played an outstanding role in maintaining the honour and prestige of the court of Carignano.
Si le rôle de la cour de Turin dans le nouvel équilibre des puissances européennes pendant la Guerre de Succession d’Espagne est bien connu, on en sait moins sur la fonction stratégique d’autres cours, telle que celle des princes de Savoie-Carignan. S’appuyant sur la correspondance de l’ambassadeur de Savoie à Madrid Costanzo Operti (1690–1695), cet article s’intéresse à ces cours, afin d’explorer le jeu diplomatique, formel et informel, auquel s’adonnèrent les nobles – hommes et femmes – de 1640 à la fin du XVIIe siècle. Une de ces femmes nobles, Olympe Mancini de Carignan-Soissons, était une Italienne élevée à la cour de France et proche du roi Louis XIV. Épouse du prince Eugène Maurice de Savoie-Carignan, elle exerça une influence importante à Turin, Paris et Madrid. Mère du célèbre prince et militaire Eugène de Savoie, elle obtint une place de dame d’honneur de la reine Marie-Louise d’Orléans à la cour de Madrid, après sa disgrâce en France. Sa belle-mère, Marie de Bourbon-Soissons, joua un rôle de premier plan dans le maintien de l’honneur et du prestige de la cour de Savoie-Carignan.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/843505
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