Digestates, a byproduct of the anaerobic bioconversion of organic wastes for the production of biogas, are highly variable in chemical and biological properties, thus limiting their potential use in agriculture as soil amendment. Using a lab-scale glass reactor, we aimed to assess the feasibility to chemically stabilize the solid fraction of an anaerobic digestate by applying a Fenton reaction under constant pH (3.0), temperature (70 °C), reaction time (8 h), and various combinations of H2O2 and Fe2+. In Fenton-treated samples, the phytotoxic potential (determined on a test plant), total phenols, and the bad smell odor index markedly declined, whereas total C and N remained unaltered. Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed contrasting changes in extracted humic and fulvic fractions being increased or depleted, respectively, in aromatic substances. Process feasibility and optimum conditions for an effective biomass stabilization were achieved with a H2O2/Fe2+ ratio between 0.02 and 0.03.

Organic Matter Characterization and Phytotoxic Potential Assessment of a Solid Anaerobic Digestate following Chemical Stabilization by an Iron-Based Fenton Reaction / A. Roccotelli, F. Araniti, A. Tursi, G. Di Rauso Simeone, M.A. Rao, I. Lania, G. Chidichimo, M.R. Abenavoli, A. Gelsomino. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 68:35(2020), pp. 9461-9474. [10.1021/acs.jafc.0c03570]

Organic Matter Characterization and Phytotoxic Potential Assessment of a Solid Anaerobic Digestate following Chemical Stabilization by an Iron-Based Fenton Reaction

F. Araniti;
2020

Abstract

Digestates, a byproduct of the anaerobic bioconversion of organic wastes for the production of biogas, are highly variable in chemical and biological properties, thus limiting their potential use in agriculture as soil amendment. Using a lab-scale glass reactor, we aimed to assess the feasibility to chemically stabilize the solid fraction of an anaerobic digestate by applying a Fenton reaction under constant pH (3.0), temperature (70 °C), reaction time (8 h), and various combinations of H2O2 and Fe2+. In Fenton-treated samples, the phytotoxic potential (determined on a test plant), total phenols, and the bad smell odor index markedly declined, whereas total C and N remained unaltered. Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed contrasting changes in extracted humic and fulvic fractions being increased or depleted, respectively, in aromatic substances. Process feasibility and optimum conditions for an effective biomass stabilization were achieved with a H2O2/Fe2+ ratio between 0.02 and 0.03.
biomass valorization; elemental analysis; FT-IR spectroscopy; humic-like compounds; odor impact; phenols; post-digestion treatment; TG analysis; Anaerobiosis; Benzopyrans; Biomass; Humic Substances; Hydrogen Peroxide; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Iron; Soil
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/842534
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