Properties of the funny current (If) have been studied in several animal and cellular models, but so far little is known concerning its properties in human pacemaker cells. This work provides a detailed characterization of If in human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived pacemaker cardiomyocytes (pCMs), at different time points. Patch-clamp analysis showed that If density did not change during differentiation; however, after day 30, it activates at more negative potential and with slower time constants. These changes are accompanied by a slowing in beating rate. If displayed the voltage-dependent block by caesium and reversed (Erev) at-22mV, compatibly with the 3:1K+/Na+ permeability ratio. Lowering [Na+]o (30mM) shifted the Erev to-39mV without affecting conductance. Increasing [K+]o (30mM) shifted the Erev to-15mV with a fourfold increase in conductance. pCMs express mainly HCN4 and HCN1 together with the accessory subunits CAV3, KCR1, MiRP1, and SAP97 that contribute to the context-dependence of If. Autonomic agonists modulated the diastolic depolarization, and thus rate, of pCMs. The adrenergic agonist isoproterenol induced rate acceleration and a positive shift of If voltage-dependence (EC50 73.4nM). The muscarinic agonists had opposite effects (Carbachol EC50, 11,6nM). Carbachol effect was however small but it could be increased by pre-stimulation with isoproterenol, indicating low cAMP levels in pCMs. In conclusion, we demonstrated that pCMs display an If with the physiological properties expected by pacemaker cells and may thus represent a suitable model for studying human If-related sinus arrhythmias.

A detailed characterization of the hyperpolarization-activated "funny" current (If) in human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes with pacemaker activity / F. Giannetti, P. Benzoni, G. Campostrini, R. Milanesi, A. Bucchi, M. Baruscotti, P. Dell'Era, A. Rossini, A. Barbuti. - In: PFLÜGERS ARCHIV. - ISSN 0031-6768. - 473:7(2021 Jul), pp. 1009-1021. [10.1007/s00424-021-02571-w]

A detailed characterization of the hyperpolarization-activated "funny" current (If) in human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes with pacemaker activity

Giannetti, Federica;Benzoni, Patrizia;Campostrini, Giulia;Milanesi, Raffaella;Bucchi, Annalisa;Baruscotti, Mirko;Rossini, Alessandra;Barbuti, Andrea
2021-07

Abstract

Properties of the funny current (If) have been studied in several animal and cellular models, but so far little is known concerning its properties in human pacemaker cells. This work provides a detailed characterization of If in human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived pacemaker cardiomyocytes (pCMs), at different time points. Patch-clamp analysis showed that If density did not change during differentiation; however, after day 30, it activates at more negative potential and with slower time constants. These changes are accompanied by a slowing in beating rate. If displayed the voltage-dependent block by caesium and reversed (Erev) at-22mV, compatibly with the 3:1K+/Na+ permeability ratio. Lowering [Na+]o (30mM) shifted the Erev to-39mV without affecting conductance. Increasing [K+]o (30mM) shifted the Erev to-15mV with a fourfold increase in conductance. pCMs express mainly HCN4 and HCN1 together with the accessory subunits CAV3, KCR1, MiRP1, and SAP97 that contribute to the context-dependence of If. Autonomic agonists modulated the diastolic depolarization, and thus rate, of pCMs. The adrenergic agonist isoproterenol induced rate acceleration and a positive shift of If voltage-dependence (EC50 73.4nM). The muscarinic agonists had opposite effects (Carbachol EC50, 11,6nM). Carbachol effect was however small but it could be increased by pre-stimulation with isoproterenol, indicating low cAMP levels in pCMs. In conclusion, we demonstrated that pCMs display an If with the physiological properties expected by pacemaker cells and may thus represent a suitable model for studying human If-related sinus arrhythmias.
Funny current; Human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC); Sinus node; HCN channels; Pacemaker
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
2-mag-2021
PFLÜGERS ARCHIV
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/842057
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