BACKGROUND Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) remains one of the main drawbacks of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but scarce data exist on PPI after valve-in-valve (ViV) TAVR, particularly with the use of newer-generation transcatheter heart valves (THVs). OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the incidence, factors associated with, and clinical impact of PPI in a large series of ViV-TAVR procedures. METHODS Data were obtained from the multicenter VIVID Registry and included the main baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital and late (median follow-up: 13 months [interquartile range: 3 to 41 months]) outcomes analyzed according to the need of periprocedural PPI. All THVs except CoreValve, Cribier-Edwards, Sapien, and Sapien XT were considered to be new-generation THVs. RESULTS A total of 1,987 patients without prior PPI undergoing ViV-TAVR from 2007 to 2020 were included. Of these, 128 patients (6.4%) had PPI after TAVR, with a significant decrease in the incidence of PPI with the use of new-generation THVs (4.7% vs. 7.4%; p ¼ 0.017), mainly related to a reduced PPI rate with the Evolut R/Pro versus CoreValve (3.7% vs. 9.0%; p ¼ 0.002). There were no significant differences in PPI rates between newer-generation balloon- and selfexpanding THVs (6.1% vs. 3.9%; p ¼ 0.18). In the multivariable analysis, older age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05 for each increase of 1 year; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.07; p ¼ 0.001), larger THV size (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.20; p ¼ 0.02), and previous right bundle branch block (OR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.00 to 4.17; p ¼ 0.05) were associated with an increased risk of PPI. There were no differences in 30-day mortality between the PPI (4.7%) and no-PPI (2.7%) groups (p ¼ 0.19), but PPI patients exhibited a trend toward higher mortality risk at follow-up (hazard ratio: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.91; p ¼ 0.04; p ¼ 0.08 after adjusting for age differences between groups). CONCLUSIONS In a contemporary large series of ViV-TAVR patients, the rate of periprocedural PPI was relatively low, and its incidence decreased with the use of new-generation THV systems. PPI following ViV-TAVR was associated with a trend toward increased mortality at follow-up.

Permanent Pacemaker Implantation Following Valve-in-Valve Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement VIVID Registry / A. Alperi, J. Rodés-Cabau, M. Simonato, D. Tchetche, G. Charbonnier, H.B. Ribeiro, A. Latib, M. Montorfano, M. Barbanti, S. Bleiziffer, B. Redfors, M. Abdel-Wahab, A. Allali, G. Bruschi, M. Napodano, M. Agrifoglio, A. Sonia Petronio, C. Giannini, A. Chan, R. Kornowski, N. Schamroth Pravda, M. Adam, A. Iadanza, S. Noble, A. Chatfield, M. Erlebach, J. Kempfert, T. Ubben, H. Wijeysundera, M. Seiffert, T. Pilgrim, W. Kim, L. Testa, D. Hildick-Smith, R. Nerla, C. Fiorina, C. Brinkmann, L. Conzelmann, DidierChampagnac, F. Saia, H. HafidAmrane, B. Whisenant, J. Shamekhi, L. Søndergaard, J.G. Webb, D. Dvir. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 77:18(2021 May), pp. 2263-2273.

Permanent Pacemaker Implantation Following Valve-in-Valve Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement VIVID Registry

M. Agrifoglio;
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) remains one of the main drawbacks of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but scarce data exist on PPI after valve-in-valve (ViV) TAVR, particularly with the use of newer-generation transcatheter heart valves (THVs). OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the incidence, factors associated with, and clinical impact of PPI in a large series of ViV-TAVR procedures. METHODS Data were obtained from the multicenter VIVID Registry and included the main baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital and late (median follow-up: 13 months [interquartile range: 3 to 41 months]) outcomes analyzed according to the need of periprocedural PPI. All THVs except CoreValve, Cribier-Edwards, Sapien, and Sapien XT were considered to be new-generation THVs. RESULTS A total of 1,987 patients without prior PPI undergoing ViV-TAVR from 2007 to 2020 were included. Of these, 128 patients (6.4%) had PPI after TAVR, with a significant decrease in the incidence of PPI with the use of new-generation THVs (4.7% vs. 7.4%; p ¼ 0.017), mainly related to a reduced PPI rate with the Evolut R/Pro versus CoreValve (3.7% vs. 9.0%; p ¼ 0.002). There were no significant differences in PPI rates between newer-generation balloon- and selfexpanding THVs (6.1% vs. 3.9%; p ¼ 0.18). In the multivariable analysis, older age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05 for each increase of 1 year; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.07; p ¼ 0.001), larger THV size (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.20; p ¼ 0.02), and previous right bundle branch block (OR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.00 to 4.17; p ¼ 0.05) were associated with an increased risk of PPI. There were no differences in 30-day mortality between the PPI (4.7%) and no-PPI (2.7%) groups (p ¼ 0.19), but PPI patients exhibited a trend toward higher mortality risk at follow-up (hazard ratio: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.91; p ¼ 0.04; p ¼ 0.08 after adjusting for age differences between groups). CONCLUSIONS In a contemporary large series of ViV-TAVR patients, the rate of periprocedural PPI was relatively low, and its incidence decreased with the use of new-generation THV systems. PPI following ViV-TAVR was associated with a trend toward increased mortality at follow-up.
pacemaker; transcatheter aortic valve replacement; valve in valve
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
jacc 2021 PM after tavi viv.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 937.61 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
937.61 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/842050
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact