This study aims to find reliable strategies for advancing first mating and shortening the period from weaning to first lambing in ewe lambs. Sarda ewe lambs (n = 400) were selected from two farms and allocated into four separated groups of 100, all of which were exposed to fertile, adult rams over the course of a 50‐day breeding period. The first treatment group (RMR) was exposed to four melatonin‐treated rams which were replaced every ten days, whilst the second treatment group (RM) was exposed to four melatonin‐treated rams which were not replaced. Alternatively, the first control group (RCR) was exposed to four untreated rams which were replaced every ten days, whilst the second control group (RC) was exposed to four untreated rams which were not replaced. In each group, lambing dates, fertility rate, litter size, and distance in days from ram introduction to lambing (DRIL) were recorded. The highest fertility rate was recorded in the RMR group (p ≤ 0.05). Shorter DRIL (p ≤ 0.01) and higher lambing concentrations were recorded in the RM and RMR groups as compared to the controls. The findings indicate that melatonin treatment of rams and their replacement at 10‐day intervals results in earlier onset of first mating, increased fertility rate in ewe lambs, and a higher number of ewes that lambs in a shorter time frame.

Melatonin treatment in rams and their replacement with novel treated rams advance first lambing and increase fertility in sarda ewe lambs / G. Cosso, S. Luridiana, L. Pulinas, G. Curone, G. Pich, V. Carcangiu, M.C. Mura. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 11:5(2021 Apr 23), pp. 1227.1-1227.9.

Melatonin treatment in rams and their replacement with novel treated rams advance first lambing and increase fertility in sarda ewe lambs

G. Curone;
2021

Abstract

This study aims to find reliable strategies for advancing first mating and shortening the period from weaning to first lambing in ewe lambs. Sarda ewe lambs (n = 400) were selected from two farms and allocated into four separated groups of 100, all of which were exposed to fertile, adult rams over the course of a 50‐day breeding period. The first treatment group (RMR) was exposed to four melatonin‐treated rams which were replaced every ten days, whilst the second treatment group (RM) was exposed to four melatonin‐treated rams which were not replaced. Alternatively, the first control group (RCR) was exposed to four untreated rams which were replaced every ten days, whilst the second control group (RC) was exposed to four untreated rams which were not replaced. In each group, lambing dates, fertility rate, litter size, and distance in days from ram introduction to lambing (DRIL) were recorded. The highest fertility rate was recorded in the RMR group (p ≤ 0.05). Shorter DRIL (p ≤ 0.01) and higher lambing concentrations were recorded in the RM and RMR groups as compared to the controls. The findings indicate that melatonin treatment of rams and their replacement at 10‐day intervals results in earlier onset of first mating, increased fertility rate in ewe lambs, and a higher number of ewes that lambs in a shorter time frame.
Ewe lambs; Melatonin implants; Puberty; Ram replacement; Sarda breed
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/841730
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