The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect of adding linagliptin to metformin and lifestyle on glucose levels and pancreatic β-cell function in patients with persistent impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) after 12 months of metformin and lifestyle. A single center parallel double-blind randomized clinical trial with 6 months of follow-up was performed in patients with persistent IGT after 12 months of treatment with metformin and lifestyle; patients were randomized to continue with metformin 850 mg twice daily (M group, n = 12) or linagliptin/metformin 2.5/850 mg twice daily (LM group, n = 19). Anthropometric measurements were obtained by standard methods and by bioelectrical impedance; glucose was measured by dry chemistry, insulin by chemiluminescence, and pancreatic β-cell function was calculated with the disposition index using glucose and insulin values during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and adjusting by insulin sensitivity. The main outcomes were glucose levels during OGTT and pancreatic β-cell function. Patients in the LM group had a reduction in weight (-1.7 ± 0.6, p < 0.05) and body mass index (BMI, -0.67 ± 0.2, p < 0.05). Glucose levels significantly improved in LM group with a greater reduction in the area under the glucose curve during OGTT (AUCGluc0_120min) as compared to the M group (-4425 ± 871 vs -1116 ± 1104 mg/dl/120 min, p < 0.001). Pancreatic β-cell function measured with the disposition index, improved only in LM group (2.3 ± 0.23 vs 1.7 ± 0.27, p 0.001); these improvements persisted after controlling for OGTT glucose levels. The differences in pancreatic β-cell function persisted also after pairing groups for basal AUCGluc0_120min. The addition of linagliptin to patients with persistent IGT after 12 months of treatment with metformin and lifestyle, improved glucose levels during OGTT and pancreatic β-cell function after 6 months of treatment.Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov with the ID number NCT04088461.

Effect of linagliptin on glucose metabolism and pancreatic beta cell function in patients with persistent prediabetes after metformin and lifestyle / M.F.d.l.L. Alvarez-Canales, S.S. Salazar-López, D. Farfán-Vázquez, Y.E. Martínez-López, J.N. González-Mena, L.M. Jiménez-Ceja, K. Vargas-Ortiz, M.L. Evia-Viscarra, M.L. Montes de Oca-Loyola, F. Folli, A. Aguilar-García, R. Guardado-Mendoza. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021 Apr 22), pp. 8750.1-8750.10.

Effect of linagliptin on glucose metabolism and pancreatic beta cell function in patients with persistent prediabetes after metformin and lifestyle

F. Folli
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021-04-22

Abstract

The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect of adding linagliptin to metformin and lifestyle on glucose levels and pancreatic β-cell function in patients with persistent impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) after 12 months of metformin and lifestyle. A single center parallel double-blind randomized clinical trial with 6 months of follow-up was performed in patients with persistent IGT after 12 months of treatment with metformin and lifestyle; patients were randomized to continue with metformin 850 mg twice daily (M group, n = 12) or linagliptin/metformin 2.5/850 mg twice daily (LM group, n = 19). Anthropometric measurements were obtained by standard methods and by bioelectrical impedance; glucose was measured by dry chemistry, insulin by chemiluminescence, and pancreatic β-cell function was calculated with the disposition index using glucose and insulin values during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and adjusting by insulin sensitivity. The main outcomes were glucose levels during OGTT and pancreatic β-cell function. Patients in the LM group had a reduction in weight (-1.7 ± 0.6, p < 0.05) and body mass index (BMI, -0.67 ± 0.2, p < 0.05). Glucose levels significantly improved in LM group with a greater reduction in the area under the glucose curve during OGTT (AUCGluc0_120min) as compared to the M group (-4425 ± 871 vs -1116 ± 1104 mg/dl/120 min, p < 0.001). Pancreatic β-cell function measured with the disposition index, improved only in LM group (2.3 ± 0.23 vs 1.7 ± 0.27, p 0.001); these improvements persisted after controlling for OGTT glucose levels. The differences in pancreatic β-cell function persisted also after pairing groups for basal AUCGluc0_120min. The addition of linagliptin to patients with persistent IGT after 12 months of treatment with metformin and lifestyle, improved glucose levels during OGTT and pancreatic β-cell function after 6 months of treatment.Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov with the ID number NCT04088461.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/841104
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