OBJECTIVES: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spinal disorder in children. A severity index was recently proposed to identify the stable from the progressive scoliosis at the first standardized biplanar radiographic exam. The aim of this work was to extend the validation of the severity index and to determine if curve location influences its predictive capabilities.METHODS: AIS patients with Cobb angle between 10° and 25°, Risser 0-2, and no previous treatment were included. They underwent standing biplanar radiography and 3D reconstruction of the spine and pelvis, which allowed to calculate their severity index. Patients were grouped by curve location (thoracic, thoracolumbar, lumbar). Patients were followed up until skeletal maturity (Risser ≥ 3) or brace prescription. Their outcome was compared to the prediction made by the severity index.RESULTS: In total, 205 AIS patients were included; 82% of them (155/189, 95% confidence interval [74-90%]) were correctly classified by the index, while 16 patients were unclassified. Positive predictive ratio was 78% and negative predictive ratio was 86%. Specificity (78%) was not significantly affected by curve location, while patients with thoracic and lumbar curves showed higher sensitivity (≥ 89%) than those with thoracolumbar curves (74%).CONCLUSIONS: In this multicentric cohort of 205 patients, the severity index was used to predict the risk of progression from mild to moderate scoliosis, with similar results of typical major curve types. This index represents a novel tool to aid the clinician and the patient in the modulation of the follow-up and, for progressive patients, their decision for brace treatment.KEY POINTS: The severity index of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has the potential to detect patients with progressive scoliosis as early as the first exam. Out of 205 patients, 82% were correctly classified as either stable or progressive by the severity index. The location of the main curve had small effect on the predictive capability of the index.

Effect of curve location on the severity index for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a longitudinal cohort study / C. Vergari, W. Skalli, K. Abelin-Genevois, J.C. Bernard, Z. Hu, J.C.Y. Cheng, W.C.W. Chu, A. Assi, M. Karam, I. Ghanem, T. Bassani, F. Galbusera, L.M. Sconfienza, M. Brayda-Bruno, I. Courtois, E. Ebermeyer, R. Vialle, T. Langlais, J. Dubousset. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0938-7994. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00330-021-07944-4]

Effect of curve location on the severity index for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a longitudinal cohort study

T. Bassani;L.M. Sconfienza;
2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spinal disorder in children. A severity index was recently proposed to identify the stable from the progressive scoliosis at the first standardized biplanar radiographic exam. The aim of this work was to extend the validation of the severity index and to determine if curve location influences its predictive capabilities.METHODS: AIS patients with Cobb angle between 10° and 25°, Risser 0-2, and no previous treatment were included. They underwent standing biplanar radiography and 3D reconstruction of the spine and pelvis, which allowed to calculate their severity index. Patients were grouped by curve location (thoracic, thoracolumbar, lumbar). Patients were followed up until skeletal maturity (Risser ≥ 3) or brace prescription. Their outcome was compared to the prediction made by the severity index.RESULTS: In total, 205 AIS patients were included; 82% of them (155/189, 95% confidence interval [74-90%]) were correctly classified by the index, while 16 patients were unclassified. Positive predictive ratio was 78% and negative predictive ratio was 86%. Specificity (78%) was not significantly affected by curve location, while patients with thoracic and lumbar curves showed higher sensitivity (≥ 89%) than those with thoracolumbar curves (74%).CONCLUSIONS: In this multicentric cohort of 205 patients, the severity index was used to predict the risk of progression from mild to moderate scoliosis, with similar results of typical major curve types. This index represents a novel tool to aid the clinician and the patient in the modulation of the follow-up and, for progressive patients, their decision for brace treatment.KEY POINTS: The severity index of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has the potential to detect patients with progressive scoliosis as early as the first exam. Out of 205 patients, 82% were correctly classified as either stable or progressive by the severity index. The location of the main curve had small effect on the predictive capability of the index.
Predictive value of tests; Prognostic factors; Spine; X-ray diagnosis
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
21-apr-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/839794
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