Two rice accessions, Capataz and Beirao, contrasting for cadmium (Cd) tolerance and root retention, were exposed to a broad range of Cd concentrations (0.01, 0.1, and 1 M) and analyzed for their potential capacity to chelate, compartmentalize, and translocate Cd to gain information about the relative contribution of these processes in determining the different pathways of Cd distribution along the plants. In Capataz, Cd root retention increased with the external Cd concentration, while in Beirao it resulted independent of Cd availability and significantly higher than in Capataz at the lowest Cd concentrations analyzed. Analysis of thiol accumulation in the roots revealed that the different amounts of these compounds in Capataz and Beirao, as well as the expression levels of genes involved in phytochelatin biosynthesis and direct Cd sequestration into the vacuoles of the root cells, were not related to the capacity of the accessions to trap the metal into the roots. Interestingly, the relative transcript abundance of OsHMA2, a gene controlling root-to-shoot Cd/Zn translocation, was not influenced by Cd exposure in Capataz and progressively increased in Beirao with the external Cd concentration, suggesting that activity of the OsHMA2 transporter may differentially limit root-to-shoot Cd/Zn translocation in Capataz and Beirao.

Analysis of cadmium root retention for two contrasting rice accessions suggests an important role for OsHMA2 / M. Maghrebi, E. Baldoni, G.A. Lucchini, G. Vigani, G. Valè, G.A. Sacchi, F.F. Nocito. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - 10:4(2021 Apr 20). [10.3390/plants10040806]

Analysis of cadmium root retention for two contrasting rice accessions suggests an important role for OsHMA2

M. Maghrebi
Primo
;
G.A. Lucchini;G.A. Sacchi
Penultimo
;
F.F. Nocito
Ultimo
2021-04-20

Abstract

Two rice accessions, Capataz and Beirao, contrasting for cadmium (Cd) tolerance and root retention, were exposed to a broad range of Cd concentrations (0.01, 0.1, and 1 M) and analyzed for their potential capacity to chelate, compartmentalize, and translocate Cd to gain information about the relative contribution of these processes in determining the different pathways of Cd distribution along the plants. In Capataz, Cd root retention increased with the external Cd concentration, while in Beirao it resulted independent of Cd availability and significantly higher than in Capataz at the lowest Cd concentrations analyzed. Analysis of thiol accumulation in the roots revealed that the different amounts of these compounds in Capataz and Beirao, as well as the expression levels of genes involved in phytochelatin biosynthesis and direct Cd sequestration into the vacuoles of the root cells, were not related to the capacity of the accessions to trap the metal into the roots. Interestingly, the relative transcript abundance of OsHMA2, a gene controlling root-to-shoot Cd/Zn translocation, was not influenced by Cd exposure in Capataz and progressively increased in Beirao with the external Cd concentration, suggesting that activity of the OsHMA2 transporter may differentially limit root-to-shoot Cd/Zn translocation in Capataz and Beirao.
Oryza sativa L.; cadmium; zinc; cadmium translocation; cadmium root retention
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/838704
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