Poplar (Populus L. spp.) Short Rotation Coppice systems (SRCs) for bioenergy production are being converted back to arable land. Transitioning to Alley Cropping Systems (ACSs) could be a suitable strategy for integrating former tree rows and arable crops. A field trial (Pisa, Central Italy) was set up with the aim of assessing the C storage of an ACS system based on hybrid poplar and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and comparing it with that of an SRC cultivation system. The carbon budget at the agroecosystem scale was assessed in the first year of the transition using the net biome production (NBP) approach with a simplified method. The overall NBP for the SRC was positive (96 40 g C m2 year1), highlighting that the system was a net carbon sink (i.e., NBP > 0). However, the ACS registered a net C loss (i.e., NBP < 0), since the NBP was 93 56 g C m2 year1. In the first year of the transition, converting the SRC into an ACS counteracted the potential beneficial eect of C storage in tree belowground biomass due to the high heterotrophic respiration rate recorded in the ACS, which was fostered by the incorporation of residues and tillage disturbance in the alley. Additional years of heterotrophic respiration measurements could allow for an estimate of the speed and extent of C losses.

Carbon Budget of an Agroforestry System after Being Converted from a Poplar Short Rotation Coppice / G. Pecchioni, S. Bosco, I. Volpi, A. Mantino, F. Dragoni, V. Giannini, C. Tozzini, M. Mele, G. Ragaglini. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 10:9(2020), pp. 1251.1-1251.23. [10.3390/agronomy10091251]

Carbon Budget of an Agroforestry System after Being Converted from a Poplar Short Rotation Coppice

G. Ragaglini
2020

Abstract

Poplar (Populus L. spp.) Short Rotation Coppice systems (SRCs) for bioenergy production are being converted back to arable land. Transitioning to Alley Cropping Systems (ACSs) could be a suitable strategy for integrating former tree rows and arable crops. A field trial (Pisa, Central Italy) was set up with the aim of assessing the C storage of an ACS system based on hybrid poplar and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and comparing it with that of an SRC cultivation system. The carbon budget at the agroecosystem scale was assessed in the first year of the transition using the net biome production (NBP) approach with a simplified method. The overall NBP for the SRC was positive (96 40 g C m2 year1), highlighting that the system was a net carbon sink (i.e., NBP > 0). However, the ACS registered a net C loss (i.e., NBP < 0), since the NBP was 93 56 g C m2 year1. In the first year of the transition, converting the SRC into an ACS counteracted the potential beneficial eect of C storage in tree belowground biomass due to the high heterotrophic respiration rate recorded in the ACS, which was fostered by the incorporation of residues and tillage disturbance in the alley. Additional years of heterotrophic respiration measurements could allow for an estimate of the speed and extent of C losses.
alley cropping; carbon sequestration; climate change mitigation; net biome production; silvoarable system; soil CO2 flux; soil respiration partitioning
Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia e Coltivazioni Erbacee
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/837880
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