COVID-19 pandemic led many countries to implement lockdown measures. Italy declared lockdown from 9th March to 3rd May 2020, and universities shifted to online classes. Home confinement could prevent students from achieving the physical activity and sleep levels recommended for their psychophysical health, and medicine students are already known to be at risk of inactivity and reduced sleep due to their time-consuming curricula. This study aimed at describing medicine students’ behaviours during lockdown and comparing them with pre-lockdown data and current recommendations. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 6th-year Italian medicine students (n = 714; age=25 ± 2 y; female: 62%; male: 38%) in October–November 2019. The same survey was repeated in 6th-year students during lockdown (n = 394; age=25 ± 2 y; female: 73%; male: 27%), and extended to 1st–5th year (total 1st–6th-year sample during lockdown: n = 1471; age=23 ± 2 y; female: 70%; male: 30%). International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ) and selected questions from Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were administered to evaluate physical activity, sitting and sleep time. Decreased physical activity, and increased sitting and sleep time were observed from pre- to during lockdown in 6th-year students (p<0.01). 1st–6th-year students featured 10 [8–12] hours sitting (median [Q1–Q3]) and an IPAQ score of 1170 [400–2348] MET-min/week. Even participants with higher physical activity featured high sitting time. Sleeping less than recommended (<7 h/night) was associated with more sitting time and less energies to perform daily activities. Strategies fostering compliance with current guidelines for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep should be implemented, especially in case of a repeated or intermittent lockdown. Highlights During lockdown, medicine students reduced their total physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour. Walking time was reduced in favour of increased higher-intensity physical activity. However, total metabolic expenditure was lower than before lockdown. Before lockdown students slept less than the recommended 7 hours per night, but they increased sleep time during lockdown. Medical schools should promote education on physical activity and sleep, since it improves the health of students, doctors and patients. This is especially valuable in case of repeated lockdown.

COVID-19 lockdown: Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Italian medicine students / F. Luciano, V. Cenacchi, V. Vegro, G. Pavei. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1746-1391. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print]

COVID-19 lockdown: Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Italian medicine students

F. Luciano
;
G. Pavei
2020

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemic led many countries to implement lockdown measures. Italy declared lockdown from 9th March to 3rd May 2020, and universities shifted to online classes. Home confinement could prevent students from achieving the physical activity and sleep levels recommended for their psychophysical health, and medicine students are already known to be at risk of inactivity and reduced sleep due to their time-consuming curricula. This study aimed at describing medicine students’ behaviours during lockdown and comparing them with pre-lockdown data and current recommendations. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 6th-year Italian medicine students (n = 714; age=25 ± 2 y; female: 62%; male: 38%) in October–November 2019. The same survey was repeated in 6th-year students during lockdown (n = 394; age=25 ± 2 y; female: 73%; male: 27%), and extended to 1st–5th year (total 1st–6th-year sample during lockdown: n = 1471; age=23 ± 2 y; female: 70%; male: 30%). International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ) and selected questions from Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were administered to evaluate physical activity, sitting and sleep time. Decreased physical activity, and increased sitting and sleep time were observed from pre- to during lockdown in 6th-year students (p<0.01). 1st–6th-year students featured 10 [8–12] hours sitting (median [Q1–Q3]) and an IPAQ score of 1170 [400–2348] MET-min/week. Even participants with higher physical activity featured high sitting time. Sleeping less than recommended (<7 h/night) was associated with more sitting time and less energies to perform daily activities. Strategies fostering compliance with current guidelines for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep should be implemented, especially in case of a repeated or intermittent lockdown. Highlights During lockdown, medicine students reduced their total physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour. Walking time was reduced in favour of increased higher-intensity physical activity. However, total metabolic expenditure was lower than before lockdown. Before lockdown students slept less than the recommended 7 hours per night, but they increased sleep time during lockdown. Medical schools should promote education on physical activity and sleep, since it improves the health of students, doctors and patients. This is especially valuable in case of repeated lockdown.
Behaviour; health; lifestyle; sedentary living; youth
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore M-EDF/01 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Motorie
6-dic-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/836598
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