Understanding how giant planets form requires observational input from directly imaged protoplanets. We used VLT/NACO and VLT/SPHERE to search for companions in the transition disc of 2MASS J19005804-3645048 (hereafter CrA-9), an accreting M0.75 dwarf with an estimated age of 1-2Myr. We found a faint point source at similar to 0.7-arcsec separation from CrA-9 (similar to 108au projected separation). Our 3-epoch astrometry rejects a fixed background star with a 5 sigma significance. The near-IR absolute magnitudes of the object point towards a planetary-mass companion. However, our analysis of the 1.0-3.8m spectrum extracted for the companion suggests it is a young M5.5 dwarf, based on both the 1.13-mu m Na index and comparison with templates of the Montreal Spectral Library. The observed spectrum is best reproduced with high effective temperature (K) BT-DUSTY and BT-SETTL models, but the corresponding photometric radius required to match the measured flux is only Jovian radius. We discuss possible explanations to reconcile our measurements, including an M-dwarf companion obscured by an edge-on circum-secondary disc or the shock-heated part of the photosphere of an accreting protoplanet. Follow-up observations covering a larger wavelength range and/or at finer spectral resolution are required to discriminate these two scenarios.

A faint companion around CrA-9: protoplanet or obscured binary? / V. Christiaens, M. Ubeira-Gabellini, H. Cánovas, P. Delorme, B. Pairet, O. Absil, S. Casassus, J.H. Girard, A. Zurlo, Y. Aoyama, G. Marleau, L. Spina, D. van , N. Marel, L. Cieza, G. Lodato, S. Pérez, C. Pinte, D.J. Price, M. Reggiani. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - 502:4(2021), pp. 6117-6139.

A faint companion around CrA-9: protoplanet or obscured binary?

G. Lodato;
2021

Abstract

Understanding how giant planets form requires observational input from directly imaged protoplanets. We used VLT/NACO and VLT/SPHERE to search for companions in the transition disc of 2MASS J19005804-3645048 (hereafter CrA-9), an accreting M0.75 dwarf with an estimated age of 1-2Myr. We found a faint point source at similar to 0.7-arcsec separation from CrA-9 (similar to 108au projected separation). Our 3-epoch astrometry rejects a fixed background star with a 5 sigma significance. The near-IR absolute magnitudes of the object point towards a planetary-mass companion. However, our analysis of the 1.0-3.8m spectrum extracted for the companion suggests it is a young M5.5 dwarf, based on both the 1.13-mu m Na index and comparison with templates of the Montreal Spectral Library. The observed spectrum is best reproduced with high effective temperature (K) BT-DUSTY and BT-SETTL models, but the corresponding photometric radius required to match the measured flux is only Jovian radius. We discuss possible explanations to reconcile our measurements, including an M-dwarf companion obscured by an edge-on circum-secondary disc or the shock-heated part of the photosphere of an accreting protoplanet. Follow-up observations covering a larger wavelength range and/or at finer spectral resolution are required to discriminate these two scenarios.
techniques: image processing; planets and satellites: formation; planet-disc interactions; protoplanetary discs
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Dust and gas in planet forming discs (DUSTBUSTER)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/835034
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