We describe our experience in the development of a probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases. A panel of expert physicians collaborated to specify the qualitative part, that is a directed acyclic graph defining a factorization of the joint probability distribution of domain variables. The quantitative part, that is the set of all conditional probability distributions defined by each factor, was estimated in the Bayesian paradigm: we applied a special formal representation, characterized by a low number of parameters and a parameterization intelligible for physicians, elicited the joint prior distribution of parameters from medical experts, and updated it by conditioning on a dataset of hospital patient records using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Refinement was cyclically performed until the probabilistic network provided satisfactory Concordance Index values for a selection of acute diseases and reasonable inference on six fictitious patient cases. The probabilistic network can be employed to perform medical diagnosis on a total of 63 diseases (38 acute and 25 chronic) on the basis of up to 167 patient findings.

A probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases - FIGURE 1 [Interactive Resource] / M. Alessandro, L. Davide, F.M. Stefanini. - [s.l], 2016.

A probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases - FIGURE 1

F.M. Stefanini
2016

Abstract

We describe our experience in the development of a probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases. A panel of expert physicians collaborated to specify the qualitative part, that is a directed acyclic graph defining a factorization of the joint probability distribution of domain variables. The quantitative part, that is the set of all conditional probability distributions defined by each factor, was estimated in the Bayesian paradigm: we applied a special formal representation, characterized by a low number of parameters and a parameterization intelligible for physicians, elicited the joint prior distribution of parameters from medical experts, and updated it by conditioning on a dataset of hospital patient records using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Refinement was cyclically performed until the probabilistic network provided satisfactory Concordance Index values for a selection of acute diseases and reasonable inference on six fictitious patient cases. The probabilistic network can be employed to perform medical diagnosis on a total of 63 diseases (38 acute and 25 chronic) on the basis of up to 167 patient findings.
Bayesian inference; Belief elicitation; Beta regression; Categorical logistic regression; Latent variables; Statistics; Machine Learning
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/834779
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