In this paper, the development of a probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases is presented in detail. A panel of expert physicians collaborated to specify the qualitative part, which is a directed acyclic graph defining a factorization of the joint probability distribution of domain variables into univariate conditional distributions. The quantitative part, which is a set of parametric models defining these univariate conditional distributions, was estimated following the Bayesian paradigm. In particular, we exploited an original reparameterization of Beta and categorical logistic regression models to elicit the joint prior distribution of parameters from medical experts, and updated it by conditioning on a dataset of hospital records via Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. Refinement was iteratively performed until the probabilistic network provided satisfactory concordance index values for several acute diseases and reasonable diagnosis for six fictitious patient cases. The probabilistic network can be employed to perform medical diagnosis on a total of 63 diseases (38 acute and 25 chronic) on the basis of up to 167 patient findings.

A probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases / A. Magrini, D. Luciani, F.M. Stefanini. - In: BIOMETRICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0323-3847. - 60:1(2018), pp. 174-195. [10.1002/bimj.201600206]

A probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases

F.M. Stefanini
2018

Abstract

In this paper, the development of a probabilistic network for the diagnosis of acute cardiopulmonary diseases is presented in detail. A panel of expert physicians collaborated to specify the qualitative part, which is a directed acyclic graph defining a factorization of the joint probability distribution of domain variables into univariate conditional distributions. The quantitative part, which is a set of parametric models defining these univariate conditional distributions, was estimated following the Bayesian paradigm. In particular, we exploited an original reparameterization of Beta and categorical logistic regression models to elicit the joint prior distribution of parameters from medical experts, and updated it by conditioning on a dataset of hospital records via Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. Refinement was iteratively performed until the probabilistic network provided satisfactory concordance index values for several acute diseases and reasonable diagnosis for six fictitious patient cases. The probabilistic network can be employed to perform medical diagnosis on a total of 63 diseases (38 acute and 25 chronic) on the basis of up to 167 patient findings.
Bayesian inference; Belief elicitation; Beta regression; Categorical logistic regression; Latent variables; Statistics and Probability; Statistics; Probability and Uncertainty
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/834773
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