Little is known about the hormonal regulation of feline ovarian granulosa cell proliferation and steroidogenesis. The present study aimed to develop a hormone responsive granulosa cell culture system to measure steroidogenic and cell proliferation responses to help identify factors that might regulate ovarian function in queens. Five experiments were conducted each with 75 or more ovaries, three in spring and two in fall seasons. Granulosa cells were isolated and treated in vitro with various hormones in serum-free medium for 48 h after an initial 48 h plating in 10% fetal calf serum. In granulosa cells isolated from spring and fall collected feline ovaries, IGF1 alone and combined with FSH stimulated (P < 0.05) cell proliferation, whereas FSH alone had no effect (P > 0.10) on cell proliferation. Also, in granulosa cells collected in spring and fall, IGF1 alone and FSH alone increased (P < 0.05) estradiol production by severalfold, and a combination of FSH and IGF1 increased (P < 0.05) estradiol production above either FSH or IGF1 treatment alone. The FSH plus IGF1 treatment increased (P < 0.05) CYP19A1 mRNA abundance by 27-fold. In contrast, EGF decreased (P < 0.05) FSH plus IGF1-induced estradiol production by over 80% in granulosa cells of both spring and fall collected ovaries. In granulosa cells isolated from spring and fall collected ovaries, IGF1 plus FSH inhibited (P < 0.05) progesterone production. Melatonin increased (P < 0.05) FSH plus IGF1-induced cell proliferation and amplified (P < 0.05) the FSH plus IGF1-induced inhibition of progesterone production. However, melatonin and GH had no effect (P > 0.10) on estradiol production either alone or in combination with FSH plus IGF1 in both spring and fall. Prolactin, FGF9 and activin had no effect (P > 0.10) on cell proliferation or steroidogenesis. FGF2 decreased (P < 0.05) estradiol production without affecting progesterone production or cell numbers. Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) increased (P < 0.05) progesterone production but had no effect (P > 0.10) on granulosa cell proliferation or estradiol production. In conclusion, the in vitro system described herewithin may be useful to assess and evaluate ovarian function in feline species and has identified EGF, FSH and IGF1 as major regulators of feline ovarian follicular function.

Effects of selected hormones and their combination on progesterone and estradiol production and proliferation of feline granulosa cells cultured in vitro / M. Chiara Perego, N. Bellitto, E.R.S. Maylem, F. Caloni, L.J. Spicer. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 168(2021 Jul), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2021.03.017]

Effects of selected hormones and their combination on progesterone and estradiol production and proliferation of feline granulosa cells cultured in vitro

M.C. Perego;N. Bellitto;F. Caloni;
2021

Abstract

Little is known about the hormonal regulation of feline ovarian granulosa cell proliferation and steroidogenesis. The present study aimed to develop a hormone responsive granulosa cell culture system to measure steroidogenic and cell proliferation responses to help identify factors that might regulate ovarian function in queens. Five experiments were conducted each with 75 or more ovaries, three in spring and two in fall seasons. Granulosa cells were isolated and treated in vitro with various hormones in serum-free medium for 48 h after an initial 48 h plating in 10% fetal calf serum. In granulosa cells isolated from spring and fall collected feline ovaries, IGF1 alone and combined with FSH stimulated (P < 0.05) cell proliferation, whereas FSH alone had no effect (P > 0.10) on cell proliferation. Also, in granulosa cells collected in spring and fall, IGF1 alone and FSH alone increased (P < 0.05) estradiol production by severalfold, and a combination of FSH and IGF1 increased (P < 0.05) estradiol production above either FSH or IGF1 treatment alone. The FSH plus IGF1 treatment increased (P < 0.05) CYP19A1 mRNA abundance by 27-fold. In contrast, EGF decreased (P < 0.05) FSH plus IGF1-induced estradiol production by over 80% in granulosa cells of both spring and fall collected ovaries. In granulosa cells isolated from spring and fall collected ovaries, IGF1 plus FSH inhibited (P < 0.05) progesterone production. Melatonin increased (P < 0.05) FSH plus IGF1-induced cell proliferation and amplified (P < 0.05) the FSH plus IGF1-induced inhibition of progesterone production. However, melatonin and GH had no effect (P > 0.10) on estradiol production either alone or in combination with FSH plus IGF1 in both spring and fall. Prolactin, FGF9 and activin had no effect (P > 0.10) on cell proliferation or steroidogenesis. FGF2 decreased (P < 0.05) estradiol production without affecting progesterone production or cell numbers. Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) increased (P < 0.05) progesterone production but had no effect (P > 0.10) on granulosa cell proliferation or estradiol production. In conclusion, the in vitro system described herewithin may be useful to assess and evaluate ovarian function in feline species and has identified EGF, FSH and IGF1 as major regulators of feline ovarian follicular function.
Epidermal growth factor; Feline; Granulosa cell; Insulin-like growth factor; Steroidogenesis
Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/832546
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