The impact of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) on atherosclerosis is highly debated. This study aimed to investigate the associations between plasma CETP or CETP genotypes and carotid intima‐media thickness (cIMT) and the influence of high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‐C) on these associations. Plasma CETP and HDL‐C concentrations were measured in 552 subjects free of any pharmacological treatment from the IMPROVE cohort, which includes 3711 European subjects at high cardiovascular risk. CETP single‐nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and cIMT measures (cIMTmax; cIMTmean–max of bifurcations, common and internal carotids; plaque‐free common carotid [PF CC]‐IMTmean) were available for the full cohort. In drug‐free subjects, plasma CETP correlated with HDL‐C levels (r = 0.19, p < 0.0001), but not with cIMT variables. When stratified according to HDL‐C quartiles, CETP positively correlated with cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max, but not with PF CC‐ IMTmean, in the top HDL‐C quartile only. Positive associations between the CETP concentration and cIMTmax or cIMTmean–max were found in the top HDL‐C quartile, whereas HDL‐C levels were negatively correlated with cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max when the CETP concentration was below the median (HDL‐C × CETP interaction, p = 0.001 and p = 0.003 for cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max, respectively). In the full cohort, three CETP SNPs (rs34760410, rs12920974, rs12708968) were positively associated with cIMTmax. rs12444708 exhibited a significant interaction with HDL‐C levels in the prediction of cIMTmax. In conclusion, a significant interplay was found between plasma CETP and/or CETP genotype and HDL‐C in the prediction of carotid plaque thickness, as indexed by cIMTmax. This suggests that the association of HDL‐C with carotid atherosclerosis is CETP‐dependent.

The association between hdl‐c and subclinical atherosclerosis depends on cetp plasma concentration : Insights from the improve study / G.I. Colombo, V. Bianconi, A. Bonomi, S. Simonelli, M. Amato, B. Frigerio, A. Ravani, C. Vitali, D. Sansaro, D. Coggi, M.R. Mannarino, K.P. Savonen, S. Kurl, B. Gigante, A.J. Smit, P. Giral, E. Tremoli, L. Calabresi, F. Veglia, M. Pirro, D. Baldassarre. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 9:3(2021 Apr), pp. 286.1-286.14.

The association between hdl‐c and subclinical atherosclerosis depends on cetp plasma concentration : Insights from the improve study

S. Simonelli;D. Coggi;E. Tremoli;L. Calabresi;F. Veglia
Formal Analysis
;
D. Baldassarre
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

The impact of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) on atherosclerosis is highly debated. This study aimed to investigate the associations between plasma CETP or CETP genotypes and carotid intima‐media thickness (cIMT) and the influence of high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‐C) on these associations. Plasma CETP and HDL‐C concentrations were measured in 552 subjects free of any pharmacological treatment from the IMPROVE cohort, which includes 3711 European subjects at high cardiovascular risk. CETP single‐nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and cIMT measures (cIMTmax; cIMTmean–max of bifurcations, common and internal carotids; plaque‐free common carotid [PF CC]‐IMTmean) were available for the full cohort. In drug‐free subjects, plasma CETP correlated with HDL‐C levels (r = 0.19, p < 0.0001), but not with cIMT variables. When stratified according to HDL‐C quartiles, CETP positively correlated with cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max, but not with PF CC‐ IMTmean, in the top HDL‐C quartile only. Positive associations between the CETP concentration and cIMTmax or cIMTmean–max were found in the top HDL‐C quartile, whereas HDL‐C levels were negatively correlated with cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max when the CETP concentration was below the median (HDL‐C × CETP interaction, p = 0.001 and p = 0.003 for cIMTmax and cIMTmean–max, respectively). In the full cohort, three CETP SNPs (rs34760410, rs12920974, rs12708968) were positively associated with cIMTmax. rs12444708 exhibited a significant interaction with HDL‐C levels in the prediction of cIMTmax. In conclusion, a significant interplay was found between plasma CETP and/or CETP genotype and HDL‐C in the prediction of carotid plaque thickness, as indexed by cIMTmax. This suggests that the association of HDL‐C with carotid atherosclerosis is CETP‐dependent.
Atherosclerosis; Carotid intima‐media thickness; Cholesteryl ester transfer protein; HDL‐C; Single‐nucleotide polymorphisms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/831454
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