Background: Forced expiratory flow at 25 and 75% of the pulmonary volume (FEF25-75%) might be considered as a marker of early airway obstruction. FEF25-75% impairment might suggest earlier asthma recognition in symptomatic subjects even in the absence of other abnormal spirometry values. Objectives: The study was designed in order to verify whether FEF25-75% impairment in a cohort of subjects with asthma-like symptoms could be associated with the risk of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and with airway inflammation expressed as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and eosinophil counts in induced sputum. Methods: Four hundred adults with a history of asthma-like symptoms (10.5% allergic) underwent spirometry, determination of BHR to methacholine (PD20FEV1), FeNO analysis and sputum induction. FEF25-75% <65% of predicted or <-1.64 z-score was considered abnormal. Results: All subjects had normal FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC, while FEF25-75% was abnormal in 27.5% of them. FEF25-75% (z-score) was associated with PD20FEV1 (p < 0.001), FeNO (p < 0.001) and sputum eosinophils (p < 0.001). Patients with abnormal FEF25-75% showed higher levels of FeNO and eosinophils in induced sputum than did patients with normal FEF25-75% (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01, respectively). Subjects with abnormal FEF25-75% had an increased probability of being BHR positive (OR = 13.38; 95% CI: 6.7-26.7; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our data show that abnormal FEF25-75% might be considered an early marker of airflow limitation associated with eosinophilic inflammation and BHR in subjects with asthma-like symptoms, indicating a role for FEF25-75% as a predictive marker of newly diagnosed asthma.

Association of FEF25-75% Impairment with Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness and Airway Inflammation in Subjects with Asthma-Like Symptoms / M. Malerba, A. Radaeli, A. Olivini, G. Damiani, B. Ragnoli, V. Sorbello, F.L.M. Ricciardolo. - In: RESPIRATION. - ISSN 0025-7931. - 91:3(2016), pp. 206-214. [10.1159/000443797]

Association of FEF25-75% Impairment with Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness and Airway Inflammation in Subjects with Asthma-Like Symptoms

G. Damiani;
2016

Abstract

Background: Forced expiratory flow at 25 and 75% of the pulmonary volume (FEF25-75%) might be considered as a marker of early airway obstruction. FEF25-75% impairment might suggest earlier asthma recognition in symptomatic subjects even in the absence of other abnormal spirometry values. Objectives: The study was designed in order to verify whether FEF25-75% impairment in a cohort of subjects with asthma-like symptoms could be associated with the risk of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and with airway inflammation expressed as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and eosinophil counts in induced sputum. Methods: Four hundred adults with a history of asthma-like symptoms (10.5% allergic) underwent spirometry, determination of BHR to methacholine (PD20FEV1), FeNO analysis and sputum induction. FEF25-75% <65% of predicted or <-1.64 z-score was considered abnormal. Results: All subjects had normal FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC, while FEF25-75% was abnormal in 27.5% of them. FEF25-75% (z-score) was associated with PD20FEV1 (p < 0.001), FeNO (p < 0.001) and sputum eosinophils (p < 0.001). Patients with abnormal FEF25-75% showed higher levels of FeNO and eosinophils in induced sputum than did patients with normal FEF25-75% (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01, respectively). Subjects with abnormal FEF25-75% had an increased probability of being BHR positive (OR = 13.38; 95% CI: 6.7-26.7; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our data show that abnormal FEF25-75% might be considered an early marker of airflow limitation associated with eosinophilic inflammation and BHR in subjects with asthma-like symptoms, indicating a role for FEF25-75% as a predictive marker of newly diagnosed asthma.
Bronchial asthma; Bronchial hyperresponsiveness; Forced expiratory flow at 25 and 75% of the pulmonary volume; Fractional exhaled nitric oxide; Sputum eosinophilia; Adolescent; Adult; Asthma; Bronchial Hyperreactivity; Cohort Studies; Female; Forced Expiratory Volume; Humans; Male; Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate; Young Adult
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/831301
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