Aims. We present new estimates of the brightness temperatures of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune based on the measurements carried in 2009-2013 by Planck/LFI at 30, 44, and 70 GHz and released to the public in 2018. This work extends the results presented in the 2013 and 2015 Planck/LFI Calibration Papers, based on the data acquired in 2009-2011. Methods. Planck observed each planet up to eight times during the nominal mission. We processed time-ordered data from the 22 LFI radiometers to derive planet antenna temperatures for each planet and transit. We accounted for the beam shape, radiometer bandpasses, and several systematic effects. We compared our results with the results from the ninth year of WMAP, Planck/HFI observations, and existing data and models for planetary microwave emissivity. Results. For Jupiter, we obtain Tb = 144.9, 159.8, 170.5 K (± 0.2 K at 1σ, with temperatures expressed using the Rayleigh-Jeans scale) at 30, 44 and 70 GHz, respectively, or equivalently a band averaged Planck temperature Tb(ba) = 144.7, 160.3, 171.2 K in good agreement with WMAP and existing models. A slight excess at 30 GHz with respect to models is interpreted as an effect of synchrotron emission. Our measures for Saturn agree with the results from WMAP for rings Tb = 9.2 ± 1.4, 12.6 ± 2.3, 16.2 ± 0.8 K, while for the disc we obtain Tb = 140.0 ± 1.4, 147.2 ± 1.2, 150.2 ± 0.4 K, or equivalently a Tb(ba) = 139.7, 147.8, 151.0 K. Our measures for Uranus (Tb = 152 ± 6, 145 ± 3, 132.0 ± 2 K, or Tb(ba) = 152, 145, 133 K) and Neptune (Tb = 154 ± 11, 148 ± 9, 128 ± 3 K, or Tb(ba) = 154, 149, 128 K) agree closely with WMAP and previous data in literature.

Revised planet brightness temperatures using the Planck /LFI 2018 data release / M. Maris, E. Romelli, M. Tomasi, A. Gregorio, M. Sandri, S. Galeotta, D. Tavagnacco, M. Frailis, G. Maggio, A. Zacchei. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 647(2021 Mar 16), pp. A104.1-A104.28. [10.1051/0004-6361/202037788]

Revised planet brightness temperatures using the Planck /LFI 2018 data release

M. Tomasi;
2021

Abstract

Aims. We present new estimates of the brightness temperatures of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune based on the measurements carried in 2009-2013 by Planck/LFI at 30, 44, and 70 GHz and released to the public in 2018. This work extends the results presented in the 2013 and 2015 Planck/LFI Calibration Papers, based on the data acquired in 2009-2011. Methods. Planck observed each planet up to eight times during the nominal mission. We processed time-ordered data from the 22 LFI radiometers to derive planet antenna temperatures for each planet and transit. We accounted for the beam shape, radiometer bandpasses, and several systematic effects. We compared our results with the results from the ninth year of WMAP, Planck/HFI observations, and existing data and models for planetary microwave emissivity. Results. For Jupiter, we obtain Tb = 144.9, 159.8, 170.5 K (± 0.2 K at 1σ, with temperatures expressed using the Rayleigh-Jeans scale) at 30, 44 and 70 GHz, respectively, or equivalently a band averaged Planck temperature Tb(ba) = 144.7, 160.3, 171.2 K in good agreement with WMAP and existing models. A slight excess at 30 GHz with respect to models is interpreted as an effect of synchrotron emission. Our measures for Saturn agree with the results from WMAP for rings Tb = 9.2 ± 1.4, 12.6 ± 2.3, 16.2 ± 0.8 K, while for the disc we obtain Tb = 140.0 ± 1.4, 147.2 ± 1.2, 150.2 ± 0.4 K, or equivalently a Tb(ba) = 139.7, 147.8, 151.0 K. Our measures for Uranus (Tb = 152 ± 6, 145 ± 3, 132.0 ± 2 K, or Tb(ba) = 152, 145, 133 K) and Neptune (Tb = 154 ± 11, 148 ± 9, 128 ± 3 K, or Tb(ba) = 154, 149, 128 K) agree closely with WMAP and previous data in literature.
Cosmic background radiation; Instrumentation: detectors; Methods: data analysis; Planets and satellites: general
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
aa37788-20.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 3.15 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.15 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/829476
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact