Adipose tissue, in particular epicardial adipose tissue, has been identified as a potential biomarker of cardiovascular pathologies such as coronary artery disease (CAD) in the light of its metabolic activity and close anatomic and pathophysiologic relationship to the heart. Our purpose was to evaluate epicardial adipose tissue density at both unenhanced and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), along with CT densities of paracardiac and subcutaneous adipose tissue, as well as the relations of such densities with CAD. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent cardiac CT at our institution for CAD assessment. We segmented regions of interest on epicardial, paracardiac, and subcutaneous adipose tissue on unenhanced and contrast-enhanced scans. A total of 480 patients were included, 164 of them presenting with CAD. Median epicardial adipose tissue density measured on contrast-enhanced scans (-81.5 HU; interquartile range -84.9 to -78.0) was higher than that measured on unenhanced scans (-73.4 HU; -76.9 to -69.4) (p < 0.001), whereas paracardiac and subcutaneous adipose tissue densities were not (p >= 0.055). Patients with or without CAD, did not show significant differences in density of epicardial, paracardiac, and subcutaneous adipose tissue either on unenhanced or contrast-enhanced scans (p >= 0.092). CAD patients may experience different phenomena (inflammation, fibrosis, increase in adipose depots) leading to rises or drops in epicardial adipose tissue density, resulting in variations that are difficult to detect.
Subcutaneous, Paracardiac, and Epicardial Fat CT Density Before/After Contrast Injection: Any Correlation with CAD? / C. Monti, D. Capra, A. Malavazos, G. Florini, C. Parietti, S. Schiaffino, F. Sardanelli, F. Secchi. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 10:4(2021 Feb).
|Titolo:||Subcutaneous, Paracardiac, and Epicardial Fat CT Density Before/After Contrast Injection: Any Correlation with CAD?|
MONTI, CATERINA BEATRICE (Primo)
CAPRA, DAVIDE (Secondo)
SARDANELLI, FRANCESCO (Penultimo)
SECCHI, FRANCESCO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||X-ray computed; adipose tissue; beige; coronary artery disease; subcutaneous fat; tomography|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040735|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|