In this study, we test how educational expansion, prolonging education, and educational reforms have contributed to the improvement of skills in developed societies in recent decades. We expect that the growing openness of the educational system is associated with higher gains in cognitive skills, but that there are several multiplicative and compensatory processes related to both family background and the educational institutions involved that can alter these trends, depending on family background. We test the assumptions with the first wave (2013) of the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) data, linked with birth-cohort-specific, macro-level information on the changes in educational institutions in each country. The results suggest that the growing proportion of those with a tertiary education as well as the prolonging of education are associated with the improvement of skills, partially because these changes are also associated with the increased effectiveness of education in the improvement of skills. However, the growing number of reforms in general tend to harm the skill development especially of those with poorly educated parents, even if the reforms were intended to remove educational dead-ends.

Skills, parental background,and changes in educational institutions / J. Erola, V. Breuker. - [s.l] : Invest, 2020 Mar 30. [10.31235/osf.io/g6a3c]

Skills, parental background,and changes in educational institutions

V. Breuker
2020

Abstract

In this study, we test how educational expansion, prolonging education, and educational reforms have contributed to the improvement of skills in developed societies in recent decades. We expect that the growing openness of the educational system is associated with higher gains in cognitive skills, but that there are several multiplicative and compensatory processes related to both family background and the educational institutions involved that can alter these trends, depending on family background. We test the assumptions with the first wave (2013) of the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) data, linked with birth-cohort-specific, macro-level information on the changes in educational institutions in each country. The results suggest that the growing proportion of those with a tertiary education as well as the prolonging of education are associated with the improvement of skills, partially because these changes are also associated with the increased effectiveness of education in the improvement of skills. However, the growing number of reforms in general tend to harm the skill development especially of those with poorly educated parents, even if the reforms were intended to remove educational dead-ends.
skills; competencies; education, institutions; educational expansion; reforms, social change; PIAAC
Settore SPS/09 - Sociologia dei Processi economici e del Lavoro
Working Paper
Skills, parental background,and changes in educational institutions / J. Erola, V. Breuker. - [s.l] : Invest, 2020 Mar 30. [10.31235/osf.io/g6a3c]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
INVEST Working Paper-Skills parental background and changes-30032020.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.53 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/827443
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact