Extreme weather events (EWEs) are increasing in frequency and severity as the planet continues to become warmer. Resulting disasters have the potential to wreak havoc on the economy, infrastructure, family unit, and human health. Global estimates project that children will be disproportionately impacted by the changing climate - shouldering 88% of the related burdens. Exposure to EWEs in childhood is traumatic, with ramifications for mental health specifically. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety have all been associated with childhood EWE exposure and have the potential to persist under certain circumstances. Conversely, many childhood survivors of EWE also demonstrate resilience and experience only transient symptoms. While the majority of studies are focused on the effects resulting from one specific type of disaster (hurricanes), we have synthesized the literature across the various types of EWEs. We describe psychological symptoms and behavior, the potential for long-term effects, and potential protective factors and risk factors.

Effects of extreme weather events on child mood and behavior / J. Barkin, M. Buoli, C. Curry, S. von Esenwein, S. Upadhyay, M. Kearney, K. Mach. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE & CHILD NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1469-8749. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/dmcn.14856]

Effects of extreme weather events on child mood and behavior

M. Buoli
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

Extreme weather events (EWEs) are increasing in frequency and severity as the planet continues to become warmer. Resulting disasters have the potential to wreak havoc on the economy, infrastructure, family unit, and human health. Global estimates project that children will be disproportionately impacted by the changing climate - shouldering 88% of the related burdens. Exposure to EWEs in childhood is traumatic, with ramifications for mental health specifically. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety have all been associated with childhood EWE exposure and have the potential to persist under certain circumstances. Conversely, many childhood survivors of EWE also demonstrate resilience and experience only transient symptoms. While the majority of studies are focused on the effects resulting from one specific type of disaster (hurricanes), we have synthesized the literature across the various types of EWEs. We describe psychological symptoms and behavior, the potential for long-term effects, and potential protective factors and risk factors.
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
Settore MED/39 - Neuropsichiatria Infantile
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
15-mar-2021
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
extreme weather events.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 124.6 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
124.6 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/827275
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact