Background: Early detection of gait impairments in older adults allows the early uncovering of fall risk and/or cognitive deficits, resulting in timely interventions. Dual-task paradigms have been shown to be more sensitive than single-task conditions for the detection of subtle yet relevant gait impairments. Research question: Can a system - encompassing a pair of instrumented insoles and a customized mobile app - transparently and accurately study ecological walking activities in single- and dual-task conditions, with the aim of detecting early and subtle age-related alterations of gait? Methods: The system was tested on 19 older adults during outdoor walking (two identical single-task trials and two motor-cognitive dual-task trials with the user engaged in a simple phone call and in a cognitive-demanding phone call). A single-task cognitive trial was included. Relative reliability of the gait parameters provided by the insoles during single-task walking was investigated (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient). The effect of dual tasking on both motor (Friedman test) and cognitive (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) domains was studied. To study usability, the system was tested on 5 older adults in real-life environment over 3 months. Results: Most of the parameters showed excellent reliability. Independently from the cognitive demand, walking while talking resulted in increased gait cycle and step time, with a prolonged stance phase due to an augmented double-support. Variability of gait cycle and stance phase increased only during the most demanding dual-task. Dual tasking resulted in a reduced cognitive score. Usability feedback were excellent, with users reporting to understand the usefulness of the devised system and to feel at ease when using the system and the insoles. Significance: This work paves the way toward fruitful applications of the devised system to achieve accurate and ecological monitoring of daily-life walking activities, with the final aim of detecting early and subtle alterations of gait.

A mobile app to transparently distinguish single- from dual-task walking for the ecological monitoring of age-related changes in daily-life gait / F. Lunardini, M. Malavolti, A.L.G. Pedrocchi, N.A. Borghese, S. Ferrante. - In: GAIT & POSTURE. - ISSN 0966-6362. - 86(2021 May), pp. 27-32. [10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.02.028]

A mobile app to transparently distinguish single- from dual-task walking for the ecological monitoring of age-related changes in daily-life gait

N.A. Borghese
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Background: Early detection of gait impairments in older adults allows the early uncovering of fall risk and/or cognitive deficits, resulting in timely interventions. Dual-task paradigms have been shown to be more sensitive than single-task conditions for the detection of subtle yet relevant gait impairments. Research question: Can a system - encompassing a pair of instrumented insoles and a customized mobile app - transparently and accurately study ecological walking activities in single- and dual-task conditions, with the aim of detecting early and subtle age-related alterations of gait? Methods: The system was tested on 19 older adults during outdoor walking (two identical single-task trials and two motor-cognitive dual-task trials with the user engaged in a simple phone call and in a cognitive-demanding phone call). A single-task cognitive trial was included. Relative reliability of the gait parameters provided by the insoles during single-task walking was investigated (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient). The effect of dual tasking on both motor (Friedman test) and cognitive (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) domains was studied. To study usability, the system was tested on 5 older adults in real-life environment over 3 months. Results: Most of the parameters showed excellent reliability. Independently from the cognitive demand, walking while talking resulted in increased gait cycle and step time, with a prolonged stance phase due to an augmented double-support. Variability of gait cycle and stance phase increased only during the most demanding dual-task. Dual tasking resulted in a reduced cognitive score. Usability feedback were excellent, with users reporting to understand the usefulness of the devised system and to feel at ease when using the system and the insoles. Significance: This work paves the way toward fruitful applications of the devised system to achieve accurate and ecological monitoring of daily-life walking activities, with the final aim of detecting early and subtle alterations of gait.
Ageing; Dual tasking; Gait alterations; Instrumented insoles; m-health
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
Multiple-actOrs Virtual Empathic CARgiver for the Elder (MoveCare)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/826951
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