Objective: Treatment of pain associated with osteoarthritis (OA) is unsatisfactory and innovative approaches are needed. The secretome from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASC-Conditioned Medium, CM) has been successfully used to relieve painful symptoms in models of chronic pain. The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of the hASC-CM to control pain and neuroinflammation in an animal model of OA. Methods: OA was induced in mice by intra-articular monosodium-iodoacetate (MIA) injection. Thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia were assessed. Once hypersensitivity was established (7 days after MIA), hASC-CM was injected by IA, IPL and IV route and its effect monitored over time. Neuroinflammation in nerve, dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord was evaluated measuring proinflammatory markers and mediators by RT-qPCR. Protein content analysis of secretome by Mass Spectrometry was performed. Results: A single injection with hASC-CM induced a fast and long lasting antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic effect. The IV route of administration appeared to be the most efficacious although all the treatments were effective. The effect on pain correlated with the ability of hASC-CM to reduce the neuroinflammatory condition in both the peripheral and central nervous system. Furthermore, the secretome analysis revealed 101 factors associated with immune regulation. Conclusion: We suggest that hASC-CM is a valid treatment option for controlling OA-related hypersensitivity, exerting a rapid and long lasting pain relief. The mechanisms underpinning its effects are likely linked to the positive modulation of neuroinflammation in peripheral and central nervous system that sustains peripheral and central sensitization.
Secretome of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell relieves pain and neuroinflammation independently of the route of administration in experimental osteoarthritis / G. Amodeo, S. Niada, G. Moschetti, S. Franchi, P. Savadori, A. Brini, P. Sacerdote. - In: BRAIN BEHAVIOR AND IMMUNITY. - ISSN 0889-1591. - 94(2021 May), pp. 29-40.
|Titolo:||Secretome of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell relieves pain and neuroinflammation independently of the route of administration in experimental osteoarthritis|
|Parole Chiave:||Adipose derived MSC; Conditioned medium; Mesenchymal stem cells; Monosodium-iodoacetate OA model; Neuroinflammation; Osteoarthritis; Pain; Secretome;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2021|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||15-mar-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2021.03.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|