We designed an experimental setup to characterize the thrombogenic potential associated with blood recirculating devices (BRDs) used in extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Our methodology relies on in vitro flow loop platelet recirculation experiments combined with the modified-prothrombinase platelet activity state (PAS) assay to quantify the bulk thrombin production rate of circulated platelets, which correlates to the platelet activation (PA) level. The method was applied to a commercial neonatal hollow fiber membrane oxygenator. In analogous hemodynamic environment, we compared the PA level resulting from multiple passes of platelets within devices provided with phosphorylcholine (PC)-coated and noncoated (NC) fibers to account for flow-related mechanical factors (i.e., fluid-induced shear stress) together with surface contact activation phenomena. We report for the first time that PAS assay is not significantly sensitive to the effect of material coating under clinically pertinent flow conditions (500 mL/min), while providing straightforward information on shear-mediated PA dynamics in ECC devices. Being that the latter is intimately dependent on local flow dynamics, according to our results, the rate of thrombin production as measured by the PAS assay is a valuable biochemical marker of the selective contribution of PA in BRDs induced by device design features. Thus, we recommend the use of PAS assay as a means of evaluating the effect of modification of specific device geometrical features and/or different design solutions for developing ECC devices providing flow conditions with reduced thrombogenic impact.

On the Use of the Platelet Activity State Assay for the In Vitro Quantification of Platelet Activation in Blood Recirculating Devices for Extracorporeal Circulation / F. Consolo, L. Valerio, S. Brizzola, P. Rota, G. Marazzato, V. Vincoli, S. Reggiani, A. Redaelli, G. Fiore. - In: ARTIFICIAL ORGANS. - ISSN 0160-564X. - 40:10(2016 Oct 01), pp. 971-980.

On the Use of the Platelet Activity State Assay for the In Vitro Quantification of Platelet Activation in Blood Recirculating Devices for Extracorporeal Circulation

L. Valerio
Secondo
;
S. Brizzola;A. Redaelli;
2016

Abstract

We designed an experimental setup to characterize the thrombogenic potential associated with blood recirculating devices (BRDs) used in extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Our methodology relies on in vitro flow loop platelet recirculation experiments combined with the modified-prothrombinase platelet activity state (PAS) assay to quantify the bulk thrombin production rate of circulated platelets, which correlates to the platelet activation (PA) level. The method was applied to a commercial neonatal hollow fiber membrane oxygenator. In analogous hemodynamic environment, we compared the PA level resulting from multiple passes of platelets within devices provided with phosphorylcholine (PC)-coated and noncoated (NC) fibers to account for flow-related mechanical factors (i.e., fluid-induced shear stress) together with surface contact activation phenomena. We report for the first time that PAS assay is not significantly sensitive to the effect of material coating under clinically pertinent flow conditions (500 mL/min), while providing straightforward information on shear-mediated PA dynamics in ECC devices. Being that the latter is intimately dependent on local flow dynamics, according to our results, the rate of thrombin production as measured by the PAS assay is a valuable biochemical marker of the selective contribution of PA in BRDs induced by device design features. Thus, we recommend the use of PAS assay as a means of evaluating the effect of modification of specific device geometrical features and/or different design solutions for developing ECC devices providing flow conditions with reduced thrombogenic impact.
Blood recirculating devices; Extracorporeal circulation; Platelet activation; Shear- and contact-associated thrombogenicity; Animals; Blood Platelets; Equipment Design; Extracorporeal Circulation; Humans; Sheep; Stress, Mechanical; Thrombosis; Platelet Activation; Platelet Function Tests
Settore VET/09 - Clinica Chirurgica Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/826784
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