Tumor growth depends on both proliferative and apoptotic rate of neoplastic cells. High proliferation index is a well-known negative prognostic factor in canine lymphomas, whereas little is known about apoptotic activity. We describe proliferative and apoptotic rates in different canine lymphoma subtypes at diagnosis. Flow cytometry (FC) was used to assess the percentage of proliferating cells (Ki67%) and of apoptotic cells (AnnV%) in 128 lymph node (LN) aspirates from dogs with lymphoma. Proliferation/apoptosis ratio (PAR) and turnover index (TI; Ki67% + AnnV%) were then calculated for each case. High-grade B-cell lymphomas showed high values for both Ki67% and AnnV%, low-grade B-cell lymphomas showed low Ki67% and high AnnV%, high-grade T-cell lymphomas showed high Ki67% and low AnnV%, and low-grade T-cell lymphomas showed low levels of both parameters. Lymphoblastic lymphomas had the highest PAR values. High-grade B-cell lymphomas had the highest TI values while small clear cells lymphomas the lowest. The panorama of proliferative and apoptotic activity widely varies among lymphoma subtypes. Our results lay the ground for future clinical and pharmacological studies.

Variation of apoptotic and proliferative activity among lymphoma subtypes in dogs : a flow cytometric study / F. Riondato, V. Martini, M. Melega, A. Poggi, B. Miniscalco. - In: RESEARCH IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0034-5288. - 135(2021 Mar), pp. 324-328. [10.1016/j.rvsc.2020.10.008]

Variation of apoptotic and proliferative activity among lymphoma subtypes in dogs : a flow cytometric study

V. Martini
Secondo
;
2021

Abstract

Tumor growth depends on both proliferative and apoptotic rate of neoplastic cells. High proliferation index is a well-known negative prognostic factor in canine lymphomas, whereas little is known about apoptotic activity. We describe proliferative and apoptotic rates in different canine lymphoma subtypes at diagnosis. Flow cytometry (FC) was used to assess the percentage of proliferating cells (Ki67%) and of apoptotic cells (AnnV%) in 128 lymph node (LN) aspirates from dogs with lymphoma. Proliferation/apoptosis ratio (PAR) and turnover index (TI; Ki67% + AnnV%) were then calculated for each case. High-grade B-cell lymphomas showed high values for both Ki67% and AnnV%, low-grade B-cell lymphomas showed low Ki67% and high AnnV%, high-grade T-cell lymphomas showed high Ki67% and low AnnV%, and low-grade T-cell lymphomas showed low levels of both parameters. Lymphoblastic lymphomas had the highest PAR values. High-grade B-cell lymphomas had the highest TI values while small clear cells lymphomas the lowest. The panorama of proliferative and apoptotic activity widely varies among lymphoma subtypes. Our results lay the ground for future clinical and pharmacological studies.
Ki67; annexin V; proliferation/apoptosis ratio; turnover index
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
20-ott-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/826634
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