The present work is aimed at evaluating some effects induced by different levels of iron availability in the growth medium for two different tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) genotypes, the T3238fer (Tfer), unable to activate mechanisms for iron mobilization and uptake known as "strategy I," and its correspondent wild-type T3238FER (TFER). By using different iron concentration in the growth solution, the most suitable iron level to induce phenotypic differences between the two genotypes without being lethal for the mutant was found to be 40 μM Fe-Na-EDTA. The analyses were carried out also on plants grown with 80 μM Fe-Na-EDTA, an iron concentration at which the two genotypes showed no phenotypic differences. A significant decrease in total leaf iron and chlorophyll content was detected in both genotypes following reduction of iron concentration in the nutrient solution, and was particularly evident in Tfer40, which showed symptoms of chlorosis. The photo-electron transport rate of the whole chain was significantly affected by growth conditions as well as by genotype, the lowest activity being detected in Tfer40 plants. Chlorophyll a fluorescence analysis revealed an increase in non-photochemical quenching (qNP) of Tfer plants grown at both iron concentrations, indicating the activation of photoprotective mechanisms, which, however, were not sufficient to prevent photoinhibition when plants were grown at 40 μM iron, as indicated by significant reduction in PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm) and photochemical quenching (qP). The actual quantum yield of PSII (ΦPSII) and the intrinsic PSII efficiency (ΦEXC) showed the same behavior of qP and Fv/Fm ratio. A significant effect of mutation and iron supply on all the pigments was detected, and was particularly evident in the mutant grown at 40 μM iron. A different behavior was shown by the three pigments involved in the xantophyll cycle, violaxanthin being less affected than chlorophylls and the other carotenoids, and zeaxanthin even increasing, due to the xanthophyll cycle activation. In conclusion, the interaction between iron deprivation and fer mutation induced functional alterations to the photosynthetic apparatus. Anyway, as far as concerns the photo-electron transport activity, the influence of fer mutation seemed to occur independently from iron supply.

Leaf responses to reduced iron availability in two tomato genotypes: T3238 FER (iron efficient) and T3238 fer (iron inefficient) / S. Donnini, A. Castagna, L. Guidi, G. Zocchi, A. Ranieri. - In: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION. - ISSN 0190-4167. - 26:10-11(2003), pp. 2137-2148.

Leaf responses to reduced iron availability in two tomato genotypes: T3238 FER (iron efficient) and T3238 fer (iron inefficient)

S. Donnini
Primo
;
G. Zocchi
Penultimo
;
2003

Abstract

The present work is aimed at evaluating some effects induced by different levels of iron availability in the growth medium for two different tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) genotypes, the T3238fer (Tfer), unable to activate mechanisms for iron mobilization and uptake known as "strategy I," and its correspondent wild-type T3238FER (TFER). By using different iron concentration in the growth solution, the most suitable iron level to induce phenotypic differences between the two genotypes without being lethal for the mutant was found to be 40 μM Fe-Na-EDTA. The analyses were carried out also on plants grown with 80 μM Fe-Na-EDTA, an iron concentration at which the two genotypes showed no phenotypic differences. A significant decrease in total leaf iron and chlorophyll content was detected in both genotypes following reduction of iron concentration in the nutrient solution, and was particularly evident in Tfer40, which showed symptoms of chlorosis. The photo-electron transport rate of the whole chain was significantly affected by growth conditions as well as by genotype, the lowest activity being detected in Tfer40 plants. Chlorophyll a fluorescence analysis revealed an increase in non-photochemical quenching (qNP) of Tfer plants grown at both iron concentrations, indicating the activation of photoprotective mechanisms, which, however, were not sufficient to prevent photoinhibition when plants were grown at 40 μM iron, as indicated by significant reduction in PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm) and photochemical quenching (qP). The actual quantum yield of PSII (ΦPSII) and the intrinsic PSII efficiency (ΦEXC) showed the same behavior of qP and Fv/Fm ratio. A significant effect of mutation and iron supply on all the pigments was detected, and was particularly evident in the mutant grown at 40 μM iron. A different behavior was shown by the three pigments involved in the xantophyll cycle, violaxanthin being less affected than chlorophylls and the other carotenoids, and zeaxanthin even increasing, due to the xanthophyll cycle activation. In conclusion, the interaction between iron deprivation and fer mutation induced functional alterations to the photosynthetic apparatus. Anyway, as far as concerns the photo-electron transport activity, the influence of fer mutation seemed to occur independently from iron supply.
Carotenoids; Chlorophyll; Iron deprivation; Lycopersicon esculentum Mill; Photosynthetic electron transport; T3238fer (Tfer); T3238FER (TFER)
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/8250
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