Atrial flutter (AFl) is a common heart rhythm disorder driven by different self-sustaining electrophysiological atrial mechanisms. In the present work, we sought to discriminate which mechanism is sustaining the arrhythmia in an individual patient using non-invasive 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Specifically, we analyse the influence of atrial and torso geometries for the success of such discrimination. 2,512 ECG were simulated and 151 features were extracted from the signals. Three classification scenarios were investigated: random set classification; leave-one-atrium-out (LOAO); and leave-one-torso-out (LOTO). A radial basis neural network classifier achieved test accuracies of 89.84%, 88.98%, and 59.82% for the random set classification, LOTO, and LOAO, respectively. The most discriminative single feature was the F-wave duration (74% test accuracy). Our results show that a machine learning approach can potentially identify a high number of different AFl mechanisms using the 12-lead ECG. More than the 8 atrial models used in this work should be included during training due to the significant influence that the atrial geometry has on the ECG signals and thus on the resulting classification. This non-invasive classification can help to identify the optimal ablation strategy, reducing time and resources required to conduct invasive cardiac mapping and ablation procedures.

Automatic ECG-based Discrimination of 20 Atrial Flutter Mechanisms: Influence of Atrial and Torso Geometries / G. Luongo, S. Schuler, M.W. Rivolta, O. Dossel, R. Sassi, A. Loewe - In: Computing in Cardiology[s.l] : IEEE Computer Society, 2020. - ISBN 9781728173825. - pp. 1-4 (( Intervento presentato al 47. convegno CinC tenutosi a Rimini nel 2020 [10.22489/CinC.2020.066].

Automatic ECG-based Discrimination of 20 Atrial Flutter Mechanisms: Influence of Atrial and Torso Geometries

M.W. Rivolta;R. Sassi;
2020

Abstract

Atrial flutter (AFl) is a common heart rhythm disorder driven by different self-sustaining electrophysiological atrial mechanisms. In the present work, we sought to discriminate which mechanism is sustaining the arrhythmia in an individual patient using non-invasive 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Specifically, we analyse the influence of atrial and torso geometries for the success of such discrimination. 2,512 ECG were simulated and 151 features were extracted from the signals. Three classification scenarios were investigated: random set classification; leave-one-atrium-out (LOAO); and leave-one-torso-out (LOTO). A radial basis neural network classifier achieved test accuracies of 89.84%, 88.98%, and 59.82% for the random set classification, LOTO, and LOAO, respectively. The most discriminative single feature was the F-wave duration (74% test accuracy). Our results show that a machine learning approach can potentially identify a high number of different AFl mechanisms using the 12-lead ECG. More than the 8 atrial models used in this work should be included during training due to the significant influence that the atrial geometry has on the ECG signals and thus on the resulting classification. This non-invasive classification can help to identify the optimal ablation strategy, reducing time and resources required to conduct invasive cardiac mapping and ablation procedures.
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica
H20MCITNIF17RSASS_01 - MutlidisciplinarY training network for ATrial fibRillation monItoring, treAtment and progression - SASSI, ROBERTO - H20MCITNIF - Horizon 2020_Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions-Innovative Training Network (ITN)/Individual Fellowships (IF) - 2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/824343
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