High-throughput sequencing (HTS) is increasingly being used for the characterization and monitoring of biodiversity. If applied in a structured way, across broad geographical scales, it offers the potential for a much deeper understanding of global biodiversity through the integration of massive quantities of molecular inventory data generated independently at local, regional and global scales. The universality, reliability and efficiency of HTS data can potentially facilitate the seamless linking of data among species assemblages from different sites, at different hierarchical levels of diversity, for any taxonomic group and regardless of prior taxonomic knowledge. However, collective international efforts are required to optimally exploit the potential of site-based HTS data for global integration and synthesis, efforts that at present are limited to the microbial domain. To contribute to the development of an analogous strategy for the nonmicrobial terrestrial domain, an international symposium entitled “Next Generation Biodiversity Monitoring” was held in November 2019 in Nicosia (Cyprus). The symposium brought together evolutionary geneticists, ecologists and biodiversity scientists involved in diverse regional and global initiatives using HTS as a core tool for biodiversity assessment. In this review, we summarize the consensus that emerged from the 3-day symposium. We converged on the opinion that an effective terrestrial Genomic Observatories network for global biodiversity integration and synthesis should be spatially led and strategically united under the umbrella of the metabarcoding approach. Subsequently, we outline an HTS-based strategy to collectively build an integrative framework for site-based biodiversity data generation.

Connecting high-throughput biodiversity inventories: Opportunities for a site-based genomic framework for global integration and synthesis / P. Arribas, C. Andujar, M.I. Bidartondo, K. Bohmann, E. Coissac, S. Creer, J.R. deWaard, V. Elbrecht, G.F. Ficetola, M. Goberna, S. Kennedy, H. Krehenwinkel, F. Leese, V. Novotny, F. Ronquist, D.W. Yu, L. Zinger, T.J. Creedy, E. Meramveliotakis, V. Noguerales, I. Overcast, H. Morlon, A.P. Vogler, A. Papadopoulou, B.C. Emerson. - In: MOLECULAR ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0962-1083. - 30:5(2021 Mar), pp. 1120-1135. [10.1111/mec.15797]

Connecting high-throughput biodiversity inventories: Opportunities for a site-based genomic framework for global integration and synthesis

G.F. Ficetola;
2021

Abstract

High-throughput sequencing (HTS) is increasingly being used for the characterization and monitoring of biodiversity. If applied in a structured way, across broad geographical scales, it offers the potential for a much deeper understanding of global biodiversity through the integration of massive quantities of molecular inventory data generated independently at local, regional and global scales. The universality, reliability and efficiency of HTS data can potentially facilitate the seamless linking of data among species assemblages from different sites, at different hierarchical levels of diversity, for any taxonomic group and regardless of prior taxonomic knowledge. However, collective international efforts are required to optimally exploit the potential of site-based HTS data for global integration and synthesis, efforts that at present are limited to the microbial domain. To contribute to the development of an analogous strategy for the nonmicrobial terrestrial domain, an international symposium entitled “Next Generation Biodiversity Monitoring” was held in November 2019 in Nicosia (Cyprus). The symposium brought together evolutionary geneticists, ecologists and biodiversity scientists involved in diverse regional and global initiatives using HTS as a core tool for biodiversity assessment. In this review, we summarize the consensus that emerged from the 3-day symposium. We converged on the opinion that an effective terrestrial Genomic Observatories network for global biodiversity integration and synthesis should be spatially led and strategically united under the umbrella of the metabarcoding approach. Subsequently, we outline an HTS-based strategy to collectively build an integrative framework for site-based biodiversity data generation.
biodiversity assessment; DNA metabarcoding; Genomic Observatories; harmonized data generation; high-throughput sequencing
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
Reconstructing community dynamics and ecosystem functioning after glacial retreat (IceCommunities)
feb-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/823232
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