Th is paper presents a cultural semantic analysis of the Japanese emotion terms ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’, made using the methodology of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM). Th e paper has three aims: (i) to pinpoint the conceptions of ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’ as emotion terms in Japanese language and culture; (ii) to highlight the diff erences in meaning with their typical English translations ‘shame’ and ‘embarrassing’, and show that ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’ refl ect two diff erent, culture-specifi c emotion conceptions; (iii) to emphasise the suitability of NSM for cross-cultural comparisons of emotion terms in diff erent languages and, in turn, for cross-cultural training. Th e examples adduced are taken from various sources, including a Japanese dictionary, the Kotonoha corpus of Japanese language and Japanese novels.

The Cultural Semantics of the Japanese Emotion Terms ‘Haji’ and ‘Hazukashii’ / G.M. Farese. - In: NEW VOICES IN JAPANESE STUDIES. - ISSN 2205-3166. - 8:(2016), pp. 32-54. [10.21159/nvjs.08.02]

The Cultural Semantics of the Japanese Emotion Terms ‘Haji’ and ‘Hazukashii’

G.M. Farese
2016

Abstract

Th is paper presents a cultural semantic analysis of the Japanese emotion terms ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’, made using the methodology of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM). Th e paper has three aims: (i) to pinpoint the conceptions of ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’ as emotion terms in Japanese language and culture; (ii) to highlight the diff erences in meaning with their typical English translations ‘shame’ and ‘embarrassing’, and show that ‘haji’ and ‘hazukashii’ refl ect two diff erent, culture-specifi c emotion conceptions; (iii) to emphasise the suitability of NSM for cross-cultural comparisons of emotion terms in diff erent languages and, in turn, for cross-cultural training. Th e examples adduced are taken from various sources, including a Japanese dictionary, the Kotonoha corpus of Japanese language and Japanese novels.
Natural Semantic Metalanguage; cross-cultural diff erences; haji; hazukashii; literature; shame; embarrassment; emotion terms; linguistics; social and cultural identity; translation;
Settore L-LIN/01 - Glottologia e Linguistica
Settore L-OR/22 - Lingue e Letterature del Giappone e della Corea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/823204
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