Flexible bronchoscopy is a key diagnostic and therapeutic tool. New endoscopes and technologically advanced navigational modalities have been recently introduced on the market and in clinical practice, mainly for the diagnosis of mediastinal lymph adenopathies and peripheral lung nodules. Bronchoscopic sampling tools have not changed significantly in the last three decades, with the sole exception of cryobiopsy. We carried out a non-systematic, narrative literature review aimed at summarizing the scientific evidence on the main indications/contraindications, diagnostic yield, and safety of the available bronchoscopic sampling techniques. Performance of bronchoalveolar lavage, bronchial washing, brushing, forceps biopsy, cryobiopsy and needle aspiration techniques are described, focusing on indications and diagnostic accuracy in the work-up of endobronchial lesions, peripheral pulmonary abnormalities, interstitial lung diseases, and/or hilar-mediastinal lymph adenopathies. Main factors affecting the diagnostic yield and the navigational methods are evaluated. Preliminary data on the utility of the newest sampling techniques (i.e., new needles, triple cytology needle brush, core biopsy system, and cautery-assisted transbronchial forceps biopsy) are shown. Take Home Message: A deep knowledge of bronchoscopic sampling techniques is crucial in the era of technological bronchoscopy for an optimal management of respiratory diseases.

Bronchoscopic sampling techniques in the era of technological bronchoscopy / M. Mondoni, R.F. Rinaldo, P. Carlucci, S. Terraneo, L. Saderi, S. Centanni, G. Sotgiu. - In: PULMONOLOGY. - ISSN 2531-0429. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.pulmoe.2020.06.007]

Bronchoscopic sampling techniques in the era of technological bronchoscopy

Mondoni M.;Rinaldo R. F.;Terraneo S.;Centanni S.;
2020

Abstract

Flexible bronchoscopy is a key diagnostic and therapeutic tool. New endoscopes and technologically advanced navigational modalities have been recently introduced on the market and in clinical practice, mainly for the diagnosis of mediastinal lymph adenopathies and peripheral lung nodules. Bronchoscopic sampling tools have not changed significantly in the last three decades, with the sole exception of cryobiopsy. We carried out a non-systematic, narrative literature review aimed at summarizing the scientific evidence on the main indications/contraindications, diagnostic yield, and safety of the available bronchoscopic sampling techniques. Performance of bronchoalveolar lavage, bronchial washing, brushing, forceps biopsy, cryobiopsy and needle aspiration techniques are described, focusing on indications and diagnostic accuracy in the work-up of endobronchial lesions, peripheral pulmonary abnormalities, interstitial lung diseases, and/or hilar-mediastinal lymph adenopathies. Main factors affecting the diagnostic yield and the navigational methods are evaluated. Preliminary data on the utility of the newest sampling techniques (i.e., new needles, triple cytology needle brush, core biopsy system, and cautery-assisted transbronchial forceps biopsy) are shown. Take Home Message: A deep knowledge of bronchoscopic sampling techniques is crucial in the era of technological bronchoscopy for an optimal management of respiratory diseases.
Biopsy techniques; Bronchoalveolar lavage; Bronchoscopy; Lung cancer; Pulmonary infections; Pulmonary nodules
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
2-lug-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/822936
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