Despite transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (DCS) is currently proposed as a symptomatic treatment in Parkinson’s disease, the intracellular and molecular mechanisms elicited by this technique are still unknown, and its disease-modifying potential unexplored. Aim of this study was to elucidate the on-line and off-line effects of DCS on the expression, aggregation and degradation of alpha-synuclein (asyn) in a human neuroblastoma cell line under basal conditions and in presence of pharmachologically-induced increased asyn levels. Following DCS, gene and protein expression of asyn and its main autophagic catabolic pathways were assessed by real-time PCR and Western blot, extracellular asyn levels by Dot blot. We found that, under standard conditions, DCS increased monomeric and reduced oligomeric asyn forms, with a concomitant down-regulation of both macroautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy. Differently, in presence of rotenone-induced increased asyn, DCS efficiently counteracted asyn accumulation, not acting on its gene transcription, but potentiating its degradation. DCS also reduced intracellular and extracellular asyn levels, increased following lysosomal inhibition, independently from autophagic degradation, suggesting that other mechanisms are also involved. Collectively, these findings suggest that DCS exerts on-line and off-line effects on the expression, aggregation and autophagic degradation of asyn, indicating a till unknown neuroprotective role of tDCS.

Direct current stimulation enhances neuronal alpha-synuclein degradation in vitro / G. Sala, T. Bocci, V. Borzi, M. Parazzini, A. Priori, C. Ferrarese. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021 Jan 26). [10.1038/s41598-021-81693-8]

Direct current stimulation enhances neuronal alpha-synuclein degradation in vitro

T. Bocci
Secondo
;
M. Parazzini;A. Priori
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Despite transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (DCS) is currently proposed as a symptomatic treatment in Parkinson’s disease, the intracellular and molecular mechanisms elicited by this technique are still unknown, and its disease-modifying potential unexplored. Aim of this study was to elucidate the on-line and off-line effects of DCS on the expression, aggregation and degradation of alpha-synuclein (asyn) in a human neuroblastoma cell line under basal conditions and in presence of pharmachologically-induced increased asyn levels. Following DCS, gene and protein expression of asyn and its main autophagic catabolic pathways were assessed by real-time PCR and Western blot, extracellular asyn levels by Dot blot. We found that, under standard conditions, DCS increased monomeric and reduced oligomeric asyn forms, with a concomitant down-regulation of both macroautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy. Differently, in presence of rotenone-induced increased asyn, DCS efficiently counteracted asyn accumulation, not acting on its gene transcription, but potentiating its degradation. DCS also reduced intracellular and extracellular asyn levels, increased following lysosomal inhibition, independently from autophagic degradation, suggesting that other mechanisms are also involved. Collectively, these findings suggest that DCS exerts on-line and off-line effects on the expression, aggregation and autophagic degradation of asyn, indicating a till unknown neuroprotective role of tDCS.
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/822902
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