The aim of the present study was to provide quantitative data of oral function in healthy subjects (HSs), validity of measurements and estimation of measurement bias, as well as quantify oral impairment in persons with scleroderma (SSc). 151 HSs and 12 subjects with SSc were recruited and assessed using instrumented tools, measuring maximal mouth opening; lip strength; and tongue strength, protrusion, retraction, and endurance. Twenty HSs were also retested 3-5 weeks later in order to assess the test-retest reliability of the measurements. Intraclass correlation coefficients proved to be satisfactory (>0.8) for both inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of all measurements except for tongue retraction. In the HS group, maximal mouth opening and tongue and lips strength values were larger (P < 0.05) for males than females, while no significant differences were found for other variables. Older subjects had statistically significantly lower tongue retraction values and tongue endurance values than younger subjects. The SSc group showed a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05) in almost all the measurements. Assessment procedures proved to be valid and reliable. Gender and height were predictors of mouth opening, lip and tongue strength, while age correlates with tongue retraction and endurance. Measurements highlighted the strong impact of SSc on oral functions and in particular on tongue protrusion, tongue strength, and endurance.

Instrumented Assessment of Oral Motor Function in Healthy Subjects and People with Systemic Sclerosis / C. Vitali, C. Baldanzi, F. Polini, A. Montesano, P. Ammenti, D. Cattaneo. - In: DYSPHAGIA. - ISSN 0179-051X. - 30:3(2015), pp. 286-295.

Instrumented Assessment of Oral Motor Function in Healthy Subjects and People with Systemic Sclerosis

D. Cattaneo
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to provide quantitative data of oral function in healthy subjects (HSs), validity of measurements and estimation of measurement bias, as well as quantify oral impairment in persons with scleroderma (SSc). 151 HSs and 12 subjects with SSc were recruited and assessed using instrumented tools, measuring maximal mouth opening; lip strength; and tongue strength, protrusion, retraction, and endurance. Twenty HSs were also retested 3-5 weeks later in order to assess the test-retest reliability of the measurements. Intraclass correlation coefficients proved to be satisfactory (>0.8) for both inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of all measurements except for tongue retraction. In the HS group, maximal mouth opening and tongue and lips strength values were larger (P < 0.05) for males than females, while no significant differences were found for other variables. Older subjects had statistically significantly lower tongue retraction values and tongue endurance values than younger subjects. The SSc group showed a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05) in almost all the measurements. Assessment procedures proved to be valid and reliable. Gender and height were predictors of mouth opening, lip and tongue strength, while age correlates with tongue retraction and endurance. Measurements highlighted the strong impact of SSc on oral functions and in particular on tongue protrusion, tongue strength, and endurance.
Oral motor function; Mouth; Tongue; Lips; Deglutition; Scleroderma
Settore MED/48 -Scienze Infermie.e Tecniche Neuro-Psichiatriche e Riabilitattive
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Vitali et al 2015 - Instrumented Assessment of Oral Motor Function in HS and SSc.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 371.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
371.59 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Vitali2015_Article_InstrumentedAssessmentOfOralMo.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 553.85 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
553.85 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/822416
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact