Objectives: To test international society of urological pathology grade group (ISUP GG) concordance rates between multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) targeted biopsies (TB) vs. standard systematic biopsies (SB) and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens, in biopsy naïve patients. Materials and Methods: This retrospective single center study included 80 vs. 500 biopsy naïve patients diagnosed with TB vs. SB and treated with RP between 2015 and 2018. First, we compared ISUP GG concordance rates and the percentages of undetected clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa: ISUP GG ≥ 3), between TB vs. SB and RP. Second, multivariable logistic regression models tested predictors of concordance rates before and after 1:3 propensity score (PS) matching. Third, among TB patients, univariable logistic regression models tested variables associated with ISUP GG concordance at RP. Results: Overall, ISUP GG concordance rates were, respectively, 55 vs. 41.4% for TB vs. SB (P = 0.02). However, no differences in concordance rates were observed in patients with biopsy ISUP GG1 (31 vs. 33.9% for TB vs. SB; P = 0.8). Moreover, 15 vs. 18.8% csPCa were missed by TB vs. SB, respectively (P = 0.4). In multivariable logistic regression models, TB were associated with higher concordance rates before (odds ratio [OR]: 1.13; P = 0.04) and after 1:3 PS matching (OR: 1.15; P 0.03), compared to SB. In TB patients, age (OR: 0.98; P = 0.04), maximum cancer core involvement (MCCI; OR: 1.02; P = 0.02) and maximum cancer core length (MCCL; OR: 1.01; P = 0.07) were associated with ISUP GG concordance. Moreover, a trend for lower concordance rates was observed with higher PSA-D (OR: 0.77; P = 0.1). Finally, intermediate lesion location at mpMRI was associated with lowest concordance rates (44%). Conclusion: In biopsy naïve patients treated with RP, TB achieved higher rates of ISUP GG concordance, but same percentages of csPCa missed, compared to SB. Moreover, only patients with ISUP GG ≥2, but not patients with ISUP GG1, exhibited higher concordance rates. Finally, age, MCCI, MCCL, PSA-D, and lesion location were associated with concordance between TB and RP.

Pathological findings at radical prostatectomy of biopsy naïve men diagnosed with MRI targeted biopsy alone without concomitant standard systematic sampling / S. Luzzago, G. Petralia, D. Maresca, I. Sabatini, G. Cordima, A. Brescia, F. Verweij, G. Garelli, F.A. Mistretta, A. Cioffi, P. Pricolo, S. Alessi, M. Ferro, D.-. Matei, G. Renne, O. de Cobelli, G. Musi. - In: UROLOGIC ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1078-1439. - 38:12(2020 Dec), pp. 929.e11-929.e19. [10.1016/j.urolonc.2020.05.027]

Pathological findings at radical prostatectomy of biopsy naïve men diagnosed with MRI targeted biopsy alone without concomitant standard systematic sampling

S. Luzzago
Primo
;
G. Petralia
Secondo
;
D. Maresca;I. Sabatini;G. Cordima;G. Garelli;F.A. Mistretta;P. Pricolo;G. Renne;O. de Cobelli
Penultimo
;
G. Musi
Ultimo
2020-12

Abstract

Objectives: To test international society of urological pathology grade group (ISUP GG) concordance rates between multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) targeted biopsies (TB) vs. standard systematic biopsies (SB) and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens, in biopsy naïve patients. Materials and Methods: This retrospective single center study included 80 vs. 500 biopsy naïve patients diagnosed with TB vs. SB and treated with RP between 2015 and 2018. First, we compared ISUP GG concordance rates and the percentages of undetected clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa: ISUP GG ≥ 3), between TB vs. SB and RP. Second, multivariable logistic regression models tested predictors of concordance rates before and after 1:3 propensity score (PS) matching. Third, among TB patients, univariable logistic regression models tested variables associated with ISUP GG concordance at RP. Results: Overall, ISUP GG concordance rates were, respectively, 55 vs. 41.4% for TB vs. SB (P = 0.02). However, no differences in concordance rates were observed in patients with biopsy ISUP GG1 (31 vs. 33.9% for TB vs. SB; P = 0.8). Moreover, 15 vs. 18.8% csPCa were missed by TB vs. SB, respectively (P = 0.4). In multivariable logistic regression models, TB were associated with higher concordance rates before (odds ratio [OR]: 1.13; P = 0.04) and after 1:3 PS matching (OR: 1.15; P 0.03), compared to SB. In TB patients, age (OR: 0.98; P = 0.04), maximum cancer core involvement (MCCI; OR: 1.02; P = 0.02) and maximum cancer core length (MCCL; OR: 1.01; P = 0.07) were associated with ISUP GG concordance. Moreover, a trend for lower concordance rates was observed with higher PSA-D (OR: 0.77; P = 0.1). Finally, intermediate lesion location at mpMRI was associated with lowest concordance rates (44%). Conclusion: In biopsy naïve patients treated with RP, TB achieved higher rates of ISUP GG concordance, but same percentages of csPCa missed, compared to SB. Moreover, only patients with ISUP GG ≥2, but not patients with ISUP GG1, exhibited higher concordance rates. Finally, age, MCCI, MCCL, PSA-D, and lesion location were associated with concordance between TB and RP.
ISUP grade groups; Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging; Radical prostatectomy; Standard biopsies; Targeted biopsies;
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/821955
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