Using plant essential oils (EOs) contributes to the growing number of natural plants’ applications in livestock. Scientific data supporting the efficacy of EOs as anti‐inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant molecules accumulates over time; however, the cumulative evidence is not always sufficient. EOs antioxidant properties have been investigated mainly from human perspectives. Still, so far, our review is the first to combine the beneficial supporting properties of EOs in a One Health approach and as an animal product quality enhancer, opening new possibilities for their utilization in the livestock and nutrition sectors. We aim to compile the currently available data on the main anti‐inflammatory effects of EOs, whether encapsulated or not, with a focus on mammary gland inflammation. We will also review the EOs’ antioxidant activities when given in the diet or as a food preservative to counteract oxidative stress. We emphasize EOs’ in vitro and in vivo ruminal microbiota and mechanisms of action to promote animal health and performance. Given the concept of DOHaD (Developmental Origin of Health and Diseases), supplementing animals with EOs in early life opens new perspectives in the nutrition sector. However, effective evaluation of the significant safety components is required before extending their use to livestock and veterinary medicine.

Essential oils in livestock : from health to food quality / R. Nehme, S. Andres, R.B. Pereira, M.B. Jemaa, S. Bouhallab, F. Ceciliani, S. Lopez, F.Z. Rahali, R. Ksouri, D.M. Pereira, L. Abdennebi-najar. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 10:2(2021 Feb), pp. 330.1-330.36. [10.3390/antiox10020330]

Essential oils in livestock : from health to food quality

F. Ceciliani;
2021

Abstract

Using plant essential oils (EOs) contributes to the growing number of natural plants’ applications in livestock. Scientific data supporting the efficacy of EOs as anti‐inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant molecules accumulates over time; however, the cumulative evidence is not always sufficient. EOs antioxidant properties have been investigated mainly from human perspectives. Still, so far, our review is the first to combine the beneficial supporting properties of EOs in a One Health approach and as an animal product quality enhancer, opening new possibilities for their utilization in the livestock and nutrition sectors. We aim to compile the currently available data on the main anti‐inflammatory effects of EOs, whether encapsulated or not, with a focus on mammary gland inflammation. We will also review the EOs’ antioxidant activities when given in the diet or as a food preservative to counteract oxidative stress. We emphasize EOs’ in vitro and in vivo ruminal microbiota and mechanisms of action to promote animal health and performance. Given the concept of DOHaD (Developmental Origin of Health and Diseases), supplementing animals with EOs in early life opens new perspectives in the nutrition sector. However, effective evaluation of the significant safety components is required before extending their use to livestock and veterinary medicine.
antimicrobial; antioxidant; encapsulation; essential oils; fermentation; immunity; inflammation; livestock; mastitis; nutrition
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
Milk quality along the dairy chain for a safe and sustainable milk (MILKQUA)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/819898
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