Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) with regard to its post-processing techniques, namely linear blending (LB), iodine maps (IM), and virtual monoenergetic (VM) reconstructions, in diagnosing acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: This meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA. A systematic search on MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed in December 2019, looking for articles reporting the diagnostic performance of DECT on a per-patient level. Diagnostic performance meta-analyses were conducted grouping study parts according to DECT post-processing methods. Correlations between radiation or contrast dose and publication year were appraised. Results: Seventeen studies entered the analysis. Only lobar and segmental acute PE were considered, subsegmental acute PE being excluded from analysis due to data heterogeneity or lack of data. LB alone was assessed in 6 study parts accounting for 348 patients, showing a pooled sensitivity of 0.87 and pooled specificity of 0.93. LB and IM together were assessed in 14 study parts accounting for 1007 patients, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.89 and pooled specificity of 0.90. LB, IM, and VM together were assessed in 2 studies (for a total 144 patients) and showed a pooled sensitivity of 0.90 and pooled specificity of 0.90. The area under the curve for LB alone, and LB together with IM was 0.93 (not available for studies using LB, IM and VM because of paucity of data). Radiation and contrast dose did not decrease with increasing year of publication. Conclusions: Considering the published performance of single-energy CT in diagnosing acute PE, either dual-energy or single-energy computed tomography can be comparably used for the detection of acute PE. Key Points: • Dual-energy CT displayed pooled sensitivity and specificity of 0.87 and 0.93 for linear blending alone, 0.89 and 0.90 for linear blending and iodine maps, and 0.90 and 0.90 for linear blending iodine maps, and virtual monoenergetic reconstructions. • The performance of dual-energy CT for patient management is not superior to that reported in literature for single-energy CT (0.83 sensitivity and 0.96 specificity). • Dual-energy CT did not yield substantial advantages in the identification of patients with acute pulmonary embolism compared to single-energy techniques.

Dual-energy CT performance in acute pulmonary embolism: a meta-analysis / C.B. Monti, M. Zanardo, A. Cozzi, S. Schiaffino, P. Spagnolo, F. Secchi, C.N. De Cecco, F. Sardanelli. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0938-7994. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00330-020-07633-8]

Dual-energy CT performance in acute pulmonary embolism: a meta-analysis

C.B. Monti
Primo
;
M. Zanardo
Secondo
;
A. Cozzi;F. Secchi;F. Sardanelli
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) with regard to its post-processing techniques, namely linear blending (LB), iodine maps (IM), and virtual monoenergetic (VM) reconstructions, in diagnosing acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: This meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA. A systematic search on MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed in December 2019, looking for articles reporting the diagnostic performance of DECT on a per-patient level. Diagnostic performance meta-analyses were conducted grouping study parts according to DECT post-processing methods. Correlations between radiation or contrast dose and publication year were appraised. Results: Seventeen studies entered the analysis. Only lobar and segmental acute PE were considered, subsegmental acute PE being excluded from analysis due to data heterogeneity or lack of data. LB alone was assessed in 6 study parts accounting for 348 patients, showing a pooled sensitivity of 0.87 and pooled specificity of 0.93. LB and IM together were assessed in 14 study parts accounting for 1007 patients, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.89 and pooled specificity of 0.90. LB, IM, and VM together were assessed in 2 studies (for a total 144 patients) and showed a pooled sensitivity of 0.90 and pooled specificity of 0.90. The area under the curve for LB alone, and LB together with IM was 0.93 (not available for studies using LB, IM and VM because of paucity of data). Radiation and contrast dose did not decrease with increasing year of publication. Conclusions: Considering the published performance of single-energy CT in diagnosing acute PE, either dual-energy or single-energy computed tomography can be comparably used for the detection of acute PE. Key Points: • Dual-energy CT displayed pooled sensitivity and specificity of 0.87 and 0.93 for linear blending alone, 0.89 and 0.90 for linear blending and iodine maps, and 0.90 and 0.90 for linear blending iodine maps, and virtual monoenergetic reconstructions. • The performance of dual-energy CT for patient management is not superior to that reported in literature for single-energy CT (0.83 sensitivity and 0.96 specificity). • Dual-energy CT did not yield substantial advantages in the identification of patients with acute pulmonary embolism compared to single-energy techniques.
Meta-analysis; Pulmonary embolism; Sensitivity and specificity; Tomography X-Ray computed
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
8-feb-2021
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2021_Article_.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.24 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.24 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/819838
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact