Mastitis represents one of the major economic and health threats to the livestock sector associated with reduction in milk quality, loss of production and is a major reason for culling. Somatic cell score (SCS) is used as a criterion in breeding programmes to select cows genetically less susceptible to mastitis. The relevance of SCS as a predictor of udder health and susceptibility to mastitis is still untested in goats. In this study, two lines of French Alpine goats selected for extreme breeding values for somatic cell scores, one line with high SCS (HSCS) and the other with low SCS (LSCS), were used to test the hypothesis that the mammary response and function differed between the lines. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in the early immune response in caprine mammary gland tissues challenged with Staphylococcus aureus, one of the main pathogens responsible for the intra-mammary infection in small ruminants, using transcriptomic and histopathology analyses. The comparison between HSCS and LSCS goat lines, showed differences in the response at the histological level for inflammation, presence of neutrophils and micro-abscess formation, and at the molecular level in the expression of CXCL8, IL-6, NFKBIZ and IL-1β. CXCL8 and CXCL2 genes, which showed a higher level of expression in the experimentally infected HSCS line. The molecular data and histopathology both suggested that following S. aureus infection, mobilization, recruitment, infiltration, and chemotaxis of neutrophil, leads to a more severe inflammation in the HSCS compared to LSCS animals. Our results represent an initial basis for further studies to unravel the genetic basis of early mastitis inflammatory responses and the selection of dairy animals more resistant to bacterial mastitis.

Comparison of the response of mammary gland tissue from two divergent lines of goat with high and low milk somatic cell scores to an experimental Staphylococcus aureus infection / R. Capoferri, P. Cremonesi, B. Castiglioni, G. Pisoni, P. Roccabianca, F. Riva, J. Filipe, M. del Corvo, A. Stella, J.L. Williams, R. Rupp, P. Moroni. - In: VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-2427. - 234(2021 Apr), pp. 110208.1-110208.8. [10.1016/j.vetimm.2021.110208]

Comparison of the response of mammary gland tissue from two divergent lines of goat with high and low milk somatic cell scores to an experimental Staphylococcus aureus infection

P. Roccabianca;F. Riva;J. Filipe;P. Moroni
Ultimo
2021-04

Abstract

Mastitis represents one of the major economic and health threats to the livestock sector associated with reduction in milk quality, loss of production and is a major reason for culling. Somatic cell score (SCS) is used as a criterion in breeding programmes to select cows genetically less susceptible to mastitis. The relevance of SCS as a predictor of udder health and susceptibility to mastitis is still untested in goats. In this study, two lines of French Alpine goats selected for extreme breeding values for somatic cell scores, one line with high SCS (HSCS) and the other with low SCS (LSCS), were used to test the hypothesis that the mammary response and function differed between the lines. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in the early immune response in caprine mammary gland tissues challenged with Staphylococcus aureus, one of the main pathogens responsible for the intra-mammary infection in small ruminants, using transcriptomic and histopathology analyses. The comparison between HSCS and LSCS goat lines, showed differences in the response at the histological level for inflammation, presence of neutrophils and micro-abscess formation, and at the molecular level in the expression of CXCL8, IL-6, NFKBIZ and IL-1β. CXCL8 and CXCL2 genes, which showed a higher level of expression in the experimentally infected HSCS line. The molecular data and histopathology both suggested that following S. aureus infection, mobilization, recruitment, infiltration, and chemotaxis of neutrophil, leads to a more severe inflammation in the HSCS compared to LSCS animals. Our results represent an initial basis for further studies to unravel the genetic basis of early mastitis inflammatory responses and the selection of dairy animals more resistant to bacterial mastitis.
goat; inflammatory response; mammary tissue; somatic cell count; staphylococcus aureus; transcriptome
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
19-feb-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/819382
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