Olivine-rich troctolites are the most primitive magmatic rocks documented at mid-ocean ridges. Based on microstructural and chemical observations, their origin has been ascribed to the interactions between precursor mantle dunite and infiltrating basalt (e.g. Drouin et al., 2010). Experiments on MORB-dunite interactions suggest that the melt/olivine ratio plays an important role in controlling the origin of reactive troctolite (Borghini et al., 2018). However, the effect of this parameter is far to be fully experimentally investigated and quantified. We are performing piston cylinder experiments at 0.5 GPa on mixtures of San Carlos olivine (Fo90) and a MORB-type melt at variable proportions (10, 25 and 50 wt% of melt). For each mixture, we perform isothermal runs at 1300°C for 24 hours and step cooled by lowering the temperature down to 1100°C after the isothermal stage. Specific aims are to investigate and quantify the effect of the initial melt/olivine ratio on the amount of olivine dissolution, the lithology produced by reaction, and the textural and mineral chemistry evolution of products. After the high-T stage, olivine occurs as large subhedral crystals with straight and lobate curvilinear rims or as smaller rounded grains. At increasing initial melt amount (from 25 to 50 wt%), olivine grain size and tortuosity increase. Relatively high initial melt/olivine ratio enhanced the reaction promoting olivine crystal growth and dissolution resulting in higher olivine tortuosity. Olivine XMg increases from 0.91 to 0.92 at initial melt amount increasing (from 25 to 50 wt%). NiO content drastically decreases after reaction with initial melt and is further lowered at increasing melt/olivine ratio (up to 0.04 wt%). After reaction, glass composition records higher XMg, SiO2 and NiO contents and lower FeO, Cr2O3 and Al2O3 abundances. Step cooled experiment at 25 wt% of initial melt results in olivine plus interstitial clinopyroxene and glass. The premature appearance of clinopyroxene as compared with plagioclase could reflect melt compositional variations, in particular an MgO increase due to the significant olivine dissolution. After cooling, olivine XMg is similar (XMg = 0.91) to its analogue isothermal experiment. Clinopyroxene Al2O3 content is higher than in natural olivine-rich troctolites likely reflecting the absence of plagioclase precipitation. The Na2O content in clinopyroxene is not influenced by the melt/olivine ratio in our experiments. REFERENCES Borghini G., Francomme J.E., Fumagalli P. 2018. Melt-dunite interaction at 0.5 and 0.7 GPa: experimental constraints on the origin of olivine-rich troctolites. Lithos, 323: 44-57. Drouin M., Ildefonde B., Godard M. 2010. A microstructural imprint of melt impregnation in slow spreading lithosphere: olivine-rich troctolites from the Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°N, IODP Hole U1309D. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 11, 1-21.

Origin of troctolites through olivine dissolution and crystallization : an experimental study at 0.5 GPa / M. Grammatica, P. Fumagalli, G. Borghini. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee-GLOM tenutosi a Torino nel 2020.

Origin of troctolites through olivine dissolution and crystallization : an experimental study at 0.5 GPa

M. Grammatica
Primo
;
P. Fumagalli
Secondo
;
G. Borghini
2020

Abstract

Olivine-rich troctolites are the most primitive magmatic rocks documented at mid-ocean ridges. Based on microstructural and chemical observations, their origin has been ascribed to the interactions between precursor mantle dunite and infiltrating basalt (e.g. Drouin et al., 2010). Experiments on MORB-dunite interactions suggest that the melt/olivine ratio plays an important role in controlling the origin of reactive troctolite (Borghini et al., 2018). However, the effect of this parameter is far to be fully experimentally investigated and quantified. We are performing piston cylinder experiments at 0.5 GPa on mixtures of San Carlos olivine (Fo90) and a MORB-type melt at variable proportions (10, 25 and 50 wt% of melt). For each mixture, we perform isothermal runs at 1300°C for 24 hours and step cooled by lowering the temperature down to 1100°C after the isothermal stage. Specific aims are to investigate and quantify the effect of the initial melt/olivine ratio on the amount of olivine dissolution, the lithology produced by reaction, and the textural and mineral chemistry evolution of products. After the high-T stage, olivine occurs as large subhedral crystals with straight and lobate curvilinear rims or as smaller rounded grains. At increasing initial melt amount (from 25 to 50 wt%), olivine grain size and tortuosity increase. Relatively high initial melt/olivine ratio enhanced the reaction promoting olivine crystal growth and dissolution resulting in higher olivine tortuosity. Olivine XMg increases from 0.91 to 0.92 at initial melt amount increasing (from 25 to 50 wt%). NiO content drastically decreases after reaction with initial melt and is further lowered at increasing melt/olivine ratio (up to 0.04 wt%). After reaction, glass composition records higher XMg, SiO2 and NiO contents and lower FeO, Cr2O3 and Al2O3 abundances. Step cooled experiment at 25 wt% of initial melt results in olivine plus interstitial clinopyroxene and glass. The premature appearance of clinopyroxene as compared with plagioclase could reflect melt compositional variations, in particular an MgO increase due to the significant olivine dissolution. After cooling, olivine XMg is similar (XMg = 0.91) to its analogue isothermal experiment. Clinopyroxene Al2O3 content is higher than in natural olivine-rich troctolites likely reflecting the absence of plagioclase precipitation. The Na2O content in clinopyroxene is not influenced by the melt/olivine ratio in our experiments. REFERENCES Borghini G., Francomme J.E., Fumagalli P. 2018. Melt-dunite interaction at 0.5 and 0.7 GPa: experimental constraints on the origin of olivine-rich troctolites. Lithos, 323: 44-57. Drouin M., Ildefonde B., Godard M. 2010. A microstructural imprint of melt impregnation in slow spreading lithosphere: olivine-rich troctolites from the Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°N, IODP Hole U1309D. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 11, 1-21.
melt-olivine reaction; oceanic lithosphere; high-pressure experiments
Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia
Origin of troctolites through olivine dissolution and crystallization : an experimental study at 0.5 GPa / M. Grammatica, P. Fumagalli, G. Borghini. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee-GLOM tenutosi a Torino nel 2020.
Conference Object
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Ofioliti abstrac_Grammatica-convertito.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 82.86 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
82.86 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/818437
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact