Background: We predicted cancer mortality statistics for 2021 for the European Union (EU) and its five most populous countries plus the UK. We also focused on pancreatic cancer and female lung cancer. Materials and methods: We obtained cancer death certifications and population data from the World Health Organization and Eurostat databases for 1970-2015. We predicted numbers of deaths and age-standardised (world population) rates for 2021 for total cancers and 10 major cancer sites, using a joinpoint regression model. We calculated the number of avoided deaths over the period 1989-2021. Results: We predicted 1 267 000 cancer deaths for 2021 in the EU, corresponding to age-standardised rates of 130.4/100 000 men (6.6% since 2015) and 81.0/100 000 for women (4.5%). We estimated further falls in male lung cancer rates, but still trending upward in women by þ6.5%, reaching 14.5/100 000 in 2021. The breast cancer predicted rate in the EU was 13.3/100 000 (7.8%). The rates for stomach and leukaemias in both sexes and for bladder in males are predicted to fall by >10%; trends for other cancer sites were also favourable, except for the pancreas, which showed stable patterns in both sexes, with predicted rates of 8.1/100 000 in men and 5.6/100 000 in women. Rates for pancreatic cancer in EU men aged 25-49 and 50-64 years declined, respectively, by 10% and 1.8%, while for those aged 65þ years increased by 1.3%. Rates fell for young women only (3.4%). Over 1989-2021, about 5 million cancer deaths were avoided in the EU27 compared with peak rates in 1988. Conclusion: Overall cancer mortality continues to fall in both sexes. However, specific focus is needed on pancreatic cancer, which shows a sizeable decline for young men only. Tobacco control remains a priority for the prevention of pancreatic and other tobacco-related cancers, which account for one-third of the total EU cancer deaths, especially in women, who showed less favourable trends.
European cancer mortality predictions for the year 2021 with focus on pancreatic and female lung cancer / G. Carioli, M. Malvezzi, P. Bertuccio, P. Boffetta, F. Levi, C. La Vecchia, E. Negri. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0923-7534. - 32:4(2021 Apr), pp. 478-487.
|Titolo:||European cancer mortality predictions for the year 2021 with focus on pancreatic and female lung cancer|
LA VECCHIA, CARLO VITANTONIO BATTISTA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Brexit; Europe; cancer; mortality rates; pancreatic cancer; prediction models|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2021|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||22-feb-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annonc.2021.01.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|