Background: Core muscles play an important role in lower limb stability and alignment, with their weakness being associated with poor alignment and, consequently, with injuries. Despite muscle structure being critical to muscle strength production, we did not find studies associating the morphology of the core muscles and lower limb alignment during functional tasks. Research question: Is there association between thickness of core muscles (external oblique - EO, internal oblique - IO, transversus abdominis - TrA and gluteus medius - GMed) and lower limb alignment during the single-leg squat in healthy subjects? Methods: Forty-six healthy participants (27 male and 19 female) performed the following evaluations: (i) measurements of muscle thickness of the EO, IO, TrA and GMed using ultrasound and (ii) measurements of lower limb alignment using the knee frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) during the single-leg squat. A Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs) was performed between the thickness of selected core muscles (OE, OI, TrA and GMed) and the knee FPPA. In addition, a partial correlation (r) was performed, using sex, physical activity level and body mass index as control variables. Results: We did not observe significant correlations between the knee FPPA and the thickness of the EO (rs = 0.194; p = 0.197), IO (rs = 0.182; p = 0.225), TrA (rs = 0.073; p = 0.627) and GMed (rs = -0.092; p = 0.542). When controlling for sex, physical activity level and body mass index, similar results were observed [EO (r = 0.157; p = 0.316), IO (r = 0.261; p = 0.092), TrA (r = 0.030; p = 0.850) and GMed (r = -0.144; p = 0.356)] Significance: Our results demonstrated that core muscles’ thickness is not associated with lower limb alignment during the single-leg squat in healthy people.

Core muscles thickness is not associated with knee frontal plane projection angle during single-leg squat in healthy people / L. Fitarelli, G. Ramos, F. Scudiero, R. Rabello da Silva, R. Rodrigues. - In: GAIT & POSTURE. - ISSN 0966-6362. - 80(2020), pp. 292-297. [10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.06.015]

Core muscles thickness is not associated with knee frontal plane projection angle during single-leg squat in healthy people

R. Rabello da Silva;
2020

Abstract

Background: Core muscles play an important role in lower limb stability and alignment, with their weakness being associated with poor alignment and, consequently, with injuries. Despite muscle structure being critical to muscle strength production, we did not find studies associating the morphology of the core muscles and lower limb alignment during functional tasks. Research question: Is there association between thickness of core muscles (external oblique - EO, internal oblique - IO, transversus abdominis - TrA and gluteus medius - GMed) and lower limb alignment during the single-leg squat in healthy subjects? Methods: Forty-six healthy participants (27 male and 19 female) performed the following evaluations: (i) measurements of muscle thickness of the EO, IO, TrA and GMed using ultrasound and (ii) measurements of lower limb alignment using the knee frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) during the single-leg squat. A Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs) was performed between the thickness of selected core muscles (OE, OI, TrA and GMed) and the knee FPPA. In addition, a partial correlation (r) was performed, using sex, physical activity level and body mass index as control variables. Results: We did not observe significant correlations between the knee FPPA and the thickness of the EO (rs = 0.194; p = 0.197), IO (rs = 0.182; p = 0.225), TrA (rs = 0.073; p = 0.627) and GMed (rs = -0.092; p = 0.542). When controlling for sex, physical activity level and body mass index, similar results were observed [EO (r = 0.157; p = 0.316), IO (r = 0.261; p = 0.092), TrA (r = 0.030; p = 0.850) and GMed (r = -0.144; p = 0.356)] Significance: Our results demonstrated that core muscles’ thickness is not associated with lower limb alignment during the single-leg squat in healthy people.
Core; Kinematics; Lower limb alignment; Muscle thickness
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Fitarelli et al. 2020.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.86 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.86 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/816926
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact