Excessive nutrient loadings from drainage areas and resulting water quality degradation in rivers are the major environmental issues around the world. The water quality further deteriorates for the large seasonal variation of precipitation and water flow. Environmental decision makers have been exploring affordable and effective ways of securing environmental flow (EF) to improve the water quality, especially in dry seasons, and agricultural reservoirs have attracted the attention of policymakers as an alternative source of EF. This study proposed an analysis framework for assessing the EF supply potential of agricultural reservoirs as alternative sources of EF. A reservoir water balance model was prepared to mathematically represent the reservoir water balance and quantify temporal variations of the amount of water available for the EF supply. The simulation model was designed to explicitly consider inflow from the upstream drainage areas, irrigation water requirement, and hydrological processes happening in the reservoirs. The proposed framework was applied to four agricultural reservoirs located in South Korea to evaluate its efficiency. Results showed that the additional storage capacity added by the dam reinforcement enabled the study reservoirs to satisfy both needs, EF and irrigation water supply. The surplus capacity turned out to be enough to satisfy various EF supply scenarios at the annual time scale. However, the current operation plans do not consider the seasonal variations of reservoir hydrology and thus cannot supply EF without violating the original operational goal, irrigation water, especially in dry months. The results demonstrate that it is necessary to consider the temporal variations of EF when developing reservoir operation rules and plans to secure EF. This study also highlights the unconventional roles of agricultural reservoirs as resources for improved environmental quality. The methods presented in this study are expected to be a useful tool for the assessment of agricultural reservoirs’ EF supply potential.
Assessing the Potential of Agricultural Reservoirs as the Source of Environmental Flow / Y. Jo, J. Song, Y. Her, G.M. Provolo, J. Beom, M. Jeung, Y. Kim, S. Yoo, K. Yoon. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 13:4(2021 Feb 16).
|Titolo:||Assessing the Potential of Agricultural Reservoirs as the Source of Environmental Flow|
PROVOLO, GIORGIO MARIO [Writing – Review & Editing]
|Parole Chiave:||irrigation; reservoir water balance; reservoir operation; hydrological modeling; four major rivers restoration project; tank model;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/10 - Costruzioni Rurali e Territorio Agroforestale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||16-feb-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w13040508|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|