In the contest of global biodiversity loss, molecular species delimitation approaches can be very useful for accelerating species discovery through DNA taxonomy and inventory through DNA metabarcoding. In this study, the effect of some intrinsic factors on the efficiency of various single-marker species delimitation methods (fixed and variable nucleotide distance thresholds, ABGD, ASAP, GMYC, mPTP) was tested on more than 90 empirical datasets, derived from a set of 7,237 COI sequences attributed to 542 leaf beetles species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The considered factors were: i) the number of haplotypes per species (as a proxy for genetic diversity); ii) the geographic distance among conspecific collection localities (as a proxy of sampling width); iii) the difficulty related to morphological identification of species; iv) the taxonomic rank. Distance-based methods, with on average more than 70% of match with morphological identification, outperformed those relying on phylogenetic trees, with less than 59%. A high number of haplotypes per species was found to have a negative effect on delimitation efficiency, whereas large geographic distances within species had a positive effect. All methods delimitations (except for GMYC) were significantly affected by the presence of species that are difficult to be identified, decreasing their efficiency. Finally, the only method influenced by the taxonomic rank of the dataset was GMYC, showing lower efficiency in datasets at the genus than at higher levels. The observed biases we highlighted affecting efficiency could be accounted for when developing input datasets for species delimitation analyses to obtain a more reliable representation of biological diversity.

Factors affecting the efficiency of molecular species delimitation in a species-rich insect family / G. Magoga, D. Fontaneto, M. Montagna. - In: MOLECULAR ECOLOGY RESOURCES. - ISSN 1755-098X. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print]

Factors affecting the efficiency of molecular species delimitation in a species-rich insect family

Magoga, Giulia;Montagna, Matteo
2021

Abstract

In the contest of global biodiversity loss, molecular species delimitation approaches can be very useful for accelerating species discovery through DNA taxonomy and inventory through DNA metabarcoding. In this study, the effect of some intrinsic factors on the efficiency of various single-marker species delimitation methods (fixed and variable nucleotide distance thresholds, ABGD, ASAP, GMYC, mPTP) was tested on more than 90 empirical datasets, derived from a set of 7,237 COI sequences attributed to 542 leaf beetles species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The considered factors were: i) the number of haplotypes per species (as a proxy for genetic diversity); ii) the geographic distance among conspecific collection localities (as a proxy of sampling width); iii) the difficulty related to morphological identification of species; iv) the taxonomic rank. Distance-based methods, with on average more than 70% of match with morphological identification, outperformed those relying on phylogenetic trees, with less than 59%. A high number of haplotypes per species was found to have a negative effect on delimitation efficiency, whereas large geographic distances within species had a positive effect. All methods delimitations (except for GMYC) were significantly affected by the presence of species that are difficult to be identified, decreasing their efficiency. Finally, the only method influenced by the taxonomic rank of the dataset was GMYC, showing lower efficiency in datasets at the genus than at higher levels. The observed biases we highlighted affecting efficiency could be accounted for when developing input datasets for species delimitation analyses to obtain a more reliable representation of biological diversity.
ABGD; ASAP; Chrysomelidae; Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I COI; GMYC; mPTP
Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale e Applicata
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
10-feb-2021
MOLECULAR ECOLOGY RESOURCES
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/815604
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