Human umbilical vein endothelial cells transport arginine through two Na+-independent systems. System y+L is insensitive to N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), inhibited by L-leucine in the presence of Na+, and referable to the expression of SLC7A6/y+LAT2, SLC7A7/y+LAT1, and SLC3A2/4F2hc. System y+ is referable to the expression of SLC7A1/CAT1 and SLC7A2/CAT2B. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide induce a transient stimulation of arginine influx and efflux through system y+. Increased expression of SLC7A2/CAT2B is detectable from 3 h of treatment, while SLC7A1 expression is inhibited at later times of incubation. System y+L activity and expression remain unaltered. Nitric oxide synthase type 2 mRNA is not detected in the absence or presence of TNF-α, while the latter condition lowers nitric oxide synthase type 3 expression at the mRNA and the protein level. Nitrite accumulation is comparable in cytokine-treated and control cells up to 48 h of treatment. It is concluded that modulation of endothelial arginine transport by TNF-α or lipopolysaccharide occurs exclusively through changes in CAT2B and CAT1 expression and is dissociated from stimulation of nitric oxide production.

Two-way arginine transport in human endothelial cells: TNF-alpha stimulation is restricted to system y(+) / R. Sala, B.M. Rotoli, E. Colla, R. Visigalli, A. Parolari, O. Bussolati, G.C. Gazzola, A.N.D. Valeria Dall'Asta. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. CELL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0363-6143. - 282:1(2002), pp. C134-C143. [10.1152/ajpcell.2002.282.1.c134]

Two-way arginine transport in human endothelial cells: TNF-alpha stimulation is restricted to system y(+)

A. Parolari;
2002

Abstract

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells transport arginine through two Na+-independent systems. System y+L is insensitive to N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), inhibited by L-leucine in the presence of Na+, and referable to the expression of SLC7A6/y+LAT2, SLC7A7/y+LAT1, and SLC3A2/4F2hc. System y+ is referable to the expression of SLC7A1/CAT1 and SLC7A2/CAT2B. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide induce a transient stimulation of arginine influx and efflux through system y+. Increased expression of SLC7A2/CAT2B is detectable from 3 h of treatment, while SLC7A1 expression is inhibited at later times of incubation. System y+L activity and expression remain unaltered. Nitric oxide synthase type 2 mRNA is not detected in the absence or presence of TNF-α, while the latter condition lowers nitric oxide synthase type 3 expression at the mRNA and the protein level. Nitrite accumulation is comparable in cytokine-treated and control cells up to 48 h of treatment. It is concluded that modulation of endothelial arginine transport by TNF-α or lipopolysaccharide occurs exclusively through changes in CAT2B and CAT1 expression and is dissociated from stimulation of nitric oxide production.
system y(+) L; cationic amino acid transporters; SLC7A genes; lipopolysaccharide; nitric oxide
Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/814350
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