Background: Early detection of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Prompt suspicion of leak may help to exclude patients from fast-track protocols, thereby avoiding early oral feeding and early hospital discharge which could aggravate the prognosis of a clinically occult leak. Patients and methods: Observational retrospective cohort study. Patients with diagnosis of esophageal cancer who underwent elective minimally invasive esophagectomy were included. The following data were collected: age, gender, BMI, comorbidities, ASA score, tumor histology, TNM staging, use of neo-adjuvant therapy, type of operation, operative time, morbidity, and 90-day mortality. A panel of biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood cells (WBC), and percentage of neutrophils (PN) were measured at baseline and on postoperative days 3, 5, and 7. Results: Two hundred forty-three patients operated between 2012 and 2017 were included in the study. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 29 patients. There was a statistical association over time between anastomotic leakage and CRP (p < 0.001), PCT (p < 0.001), WBC (p = 0.019), and PN (p = 0.007). The cut-off value of CRP on POD 5 was 8.3 mg/dL, AUC = 0.818, negative LR = 0.176. Conclusions: Increased serum CRP, PCT, WBC, and PN after minimally invasive esophagectomy are associated with anastomotic leakage. A CRP value lower than 8.3 mg/dL, combined with reassuring clinical and radiological signs, may be useful to exclude leakage on postoperative day 5.

Utility of C-reactive protein as predictive biomarker of anastomotic leak after minimally invasive esophagectomy / E. Asti, G. Bonitta, M. Melloni, S. Tornese, P. Milito, A. Sironi, E. Costa, L. Bonavina. - In: LANGENBECK'S ARCHIVES OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1435-2443. - 403:2(2018), pp. 235-244. [10.1007/s00423-018-1663-4]

Utility of C-reactive protein as predictive biomarker of anastomotic leak after minimally invasive esophagectomy

E. Asti;S. Tornese;P. Milito;A. Sironi;E. Costa;L. Bonavina
2018

Abstract

Background: Early detection of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Prompt suspicion of leak may help to exclude patients from fast-track protocols, thereby avoiding early oral feeding and early hospital discharge which could aggravate the prognosis of a clinically occult leak. Patients and methods: Observational retrospective cohort study. Patients with diagnosis of esophageal cancer who underwent elective minimally invasive esophagectomy were included. The following data were collected: age, gender, BMI, comorbidities, ASA score, tumor histology, TNM staging, use of neo-adjuvant therapy, type of operation, operative time, morbidity, and 90-day mortality. A panel of biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood cells (WBC), and percentage of neutrophils (PN) were measured at baseline and on postoperative days 3, 5, and 7. Results: Two hundred forty-three patients operated between 2012 and 2017 were included in the study. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 29 patients. There was a statistical association over time between anastomotic leakage and CRP (p < 0.001), PCT (p < 0.001), WBC (p = 0.019), and PN (p = 0.007). The cut-off value of CRP on POD 5 was 8.3 mg/dL, AUC = 0.818, negative LR = 0.176. Conclusions: Increased serum CRP, PCT, WBC, and PN after minimally invasive esophagectomy are associated with anastomotic leakage. A CRP value lower than 8.3 mg/dL, combined with reassuring clinical and radiological signs, may be useful to exclude leakage on postoperative day 5.
Anastomotic leakage; C-reactive protein; Esophagectomy; Esophagus
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/814053
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