Background: Early detection of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Prompt suspicion of leak may help to exclude patients from fast-track protocols, thereby avoiding early oral feeding and early hospital discharge which could aggravate the prognosis of a clinically occult leak. Patients and methods: Observational retrospective cohort study. Patients with diagnosis of esophageal cancer who underwent elective minimally invasive esophagectomy were included. The following data were collected: age, gender, BMI, comorbidities, ASA score, tumor histology, TNM staging, use of neo-adjuvant therapy, type of operation, operative time, morbidity, and 90-day mortality. A panel of biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood cells (WBC), and percentage of neutrophils (PN) were measured at baseline and on postoperative days 3, 5, and 7. Results: Two hundred forty-three patients operated between 2012 and 2017 were included in the study. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 29 patients. There was a statistical association over time between anastomotic leakage and CRP (p < 0.001), PCT (p < 0.001), WBC (p = 0.019), and PN (p = 0.007). The cut-off value of CRP on POD 5 was 8.3 mg/dL, AUC = 0.818, negative LR = 0.176. Conclusions: Increased serum CRP, PCT, WBC, and PN after minimally invasive esophagectomy are associated with anastomotic leakage. A CRP value lower than 8.3 mg/dL, combined with reassuring clinical and radiological signs, may be useful to exclude leakage on postoperative day 5.
Utility of C-reactive protein as predictive biomarker of anastomotic leak after minimally invasive esophagectomy / E. Asti, G. Bonitta, M. Melloni, S. Tornese, P. Milito, A. Sironi, E. Costa, L. Bonavina. - In: LANGENBECK'S ARCHIVES OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1435-2443. - 403:2(2018), pp. 235-244.
|Titolo:||Utility of C-reactive protein as predictive biomarker of anastomotic leak after minimally invasive esophagectomy|
BONAVINA, LUIGI (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Anastomotic leakage; C-reactive protein; Esophagectomy; Esophagus|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-018-1663-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|