The 45S rRNA genes (rDNA) are amongst the largest repetitive elements in eukaryotic genomes. rDNA consists of tandem arrays of rRNA genes, many of which are transcriptionally silenced. Silent rDNA repeats may act as ‘back-up’ copies for ribosome biogenesis and have nuclear organization roles. Through Cas9-mediated genome editing in the Arabidopsis thaliana female gametophyte we reduced 45S rDNA copy number to a plateau of ∼10%. Two independent lines had rDNA copy numbers reduced by up to 90% at the T7 generation, named Low Copy Number (LCN) lines. Despite drastic reduction of rDNA copies, rRNA transcriptional rates and steady-state levels remained the same as wild type plants. Gene dosage compensation of rRNA transcript levels was associated with reduction of silencing histone marks at rDNA loci and altered Nucleolar Organiser Region 2 organization. While overall genome integrity of LCN lines appears unaffected, a chromosome segmental duplication occurred in one of the lines. Transcriptome analysis of LCN seedlings identified several shared dysregulated genes and pathways in both independent lines. Cas9 genome editing of rRNA repeats to generate LCN lines provides a powerful technique to elucidate rDNA dosage compensation mechanisms and impacts of low rDNA copy number on genome stability, development, and cellular processes.

Gene dosage compensation of rRNA transcript levels in Arabidopsis thaliana lines with reduced ribosomal gene copy number / F.B. Lopez, A. Fort, L. Tadini, A.V. Probst, M. McHale, J. Friel, P. Ryder, F. Pontvianne, P. Pesaresi, R. Sulpice, P. McKeown, G. Brychkova, C. Spillane. - In: THE PLANT CELL. - ISSN 1532-298X. - 33:4(2021 Apr), pp. 1135-1150. [10.1093/plcell/koab020]

Gene dosage compensation of rRNA transcript levels in Arabidopsis thaliana lines with reduced ribosomal gene copy number

Tadini, Luca;Friel, James;Pesaresi, Paolo;
2021-04

Abstract

The 45S rRNA genes (rDNA) are amongst the largest repetitive elements in eukaryotic genomes. rDNA consists of tandem arrays of rRNA genes, many of which are transcriptionally silenced. Silent rDNA repeats may act as ‘back-up’ copies for ribosome biogenesis and have nuclear organization roles. Through Cas9-mediated genome editing in the Arabidopsis thaliana female gametophyte we reduced 45S rDNA copy number to a plateau of ∼10%. Two independent lines had rDNA copy numbers reduced by up to 90% at the T7 generation, named Low Copy Number (LCN) lines. Despite drastic reduction of rDNA copies, rRNA transcriptional rates and steady-state levels remained the same as wild type plants. Gene dosage compensation of rRNA transcript levels was associated with reduction of silencing histone marks at rDNA loci and altered Nucleolar Organiser Region 2 organization. While overall genome integrity of LCN lines appears unaffected, a chromosome segmental duplication occurred in one of the lines. Transcriptome analysis of LCN seedlings identified several shared dysregulated genes and pathways in both independent lines. Cas9 genome editing of rRNA repeats to generate LCN lines provides a powerful technique to elucidate rDNA dosage compensation mechanisms and impacts of low rDNA copy number on genome stability, development, and cellular processes.
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
2-feb-2021
THE PLANT CELL
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/812944
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