Increased circulating growth hormone (GH) levels and aberrant response to different stimuli characterize both type 1 diabetes mellitus and chronic uremia and are associated with severe retinal, kidney and heart complications. Combined kidney and pancreas transplantation is a therapy that restores the endogenous, closed-loop, insulin secretion in diabetes and cure uremia. To evaluate if combined transplantation can restore a normal secretion and response of GH to growth hormone releasing hormone (GH-RH), we studied four groups of subjects: (1) seven type 1 diabetic patients with end-stage renal failure who had received pancreas and kidney transplantation (KPTx); (2) six diabetic uremic subjects, candidates for combined transplantation (IDDUP); (3) nine patients with chronic uveitis on immunosuppressive therapy comparable to pancreas recipients, six of whom treated only with prednisone (WEST), while three (4) were treated with both prednisone and cyclosporin (UVESTCT), All subjects underwent a GH-RH test (50 mu g intravenously, i.v., at 13:00 h), Serum insulin levels were significantly higher in IDDUP compared to UVEST (P=0.05) both at baseline and post GH-RH stimulus, while were similar to KPTx (P=0.2) and UVESTCY (P=0.7). In contrast, plasma free fatty acids were similar in all groups. In IDDUP baseline plasma glycerol was higher than in KPTx (P=0.04) and UVEST (P=0.02) and similar to UVESTCY (P=0.36); glycerol concentration did not change after GH-RH (P=0.08). Before and after GH-RH, serum GH levels tended to be higher in IDDUP (P=0.5) and KPTx (P=0.2) compared to UVEST and UVESTCY, Our results indicate that: 1) kidney-pancreas transplantation does not normalize the GH response to GH-RH; 2) GH abnormalities are not due either to the chronic immunosuppressive therapy or to the insulin effect on GH release; 3) GH abnormalities are probably secondary to functional and/or organic complications of the hypothalamus and/or pituitary as a sequela of diabetes mellitus.

Persistence of anomalies in the growth hormone-releasing hormone- stimulated growth hormone response in diabetic-uremic patients after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation / M.E. Malighetti, C. Berra, A. Secchi, G. Pozza, V. Di Carlo, L. Luzi. - In: TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0041-1337. - 69:9(2000), pp. 1965-1968. [10.1097/00007890-200005150-00041]

Persistence of anomalies in the growth hormone-releasing hormone- stimulated growth hormone response in diabetic-uremic patients after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation

A. Secchi;L. Luzi
2000

Abstract

Increased circulating growth hormone (GH) levels and aberrant response to different stimuli characterize both type 1 diabetes mellitus and chronic uremia and are associated with severe retinal, kidney and heart complications. Combined kidney and pancreas transplantation is a therapy that restores the endogenous, closed-loop, insulin secretion in diabetes and cure uremia. To evaluate if combined transplantation can restore a normal secretion and response of GH to growth hormone releasing hormone (GH-RH), we studied four groups of subjects: (1) seven type 1 diabetic patients with end-stage renal failure who had received pancreas and kidney transplantation (KPTx); (2) six diabetic uremic subjects, candidates for combined transplantation (IDDUP); (3) nine patients with chronic uveitis on immunosuppressive therapy comparable to pancreas recipients, six of whom treated only with prednisone (WEST), while three (4) were treated with both prednisone and cyclosporin (UVESTCT), All subjects underwent a GH-RH test (50 mu g intravenously, i.v., at 13:00 h), Serum insulin levels were significantly higher in IDDUP compared to UVEST (P=0.05) both at baseline and post GH-RH stimulus, while were similar to KPTx (P=0.2) and UVESTCY (P=0.7). In contrast, plasma free fatty acids were similar in all groups. In IDDUP baseline plasma glycerol was higher than in KPTx (P=0.04) and UVEST (P=0.02) and similar to UVESTCY (P=0.36); glycerol concentration did not change after GH-RH (P=0.08). Before and after GH-RH, serum GH levels tended to be higher in IDDUP (P=0.5) and KPTx (P=0.2) compared to UVEST and UVESTCY, Our results indicate that: 1) kidney-pancreas transplantation does not normalize the GH response to GH-RH; 2) GH abnormalities are not due either to the chronic immunosuppressive therapy or to the insulin effect on GH release; 3) GH abnormalities are probably secondary to functional and/or organic complications of the hypothalamus and/or pituitary as a sequela of diabetes mellitus.
Renal-failure; insulin; mellitus; retinopathy; liver; men
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/811422
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact