Aim To investigate the prevalence and the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE). Materials and methods Infants with at least one episode of ALTE in absence of predisposing factors were included. All infants underwent a cardiorespiratory recording with simultaneous 24-hour pH-monitoring. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the severity of GERD: A. Reflux Index (RI) <3%, B. RI = 3–7%, C. RI >7%. Monthly evaluations were performed and the anti-reflux therapy was maintained till normalization of monitoring and clinic. Results 41 infants were enrolled. GERD was found in 80% of patients (moderate in 54%, severe in 27%). A normalization of the cardiorespiratory tracks was recorded on average after 1 month for group A, 7 months for the group B and 9.5 months for group C. A significant difference was registered between group A and both group B and C (P < 0.0001), as well as between the group B and C (P < 0.05). Conclusion GERD influences significantly the time of normalization of the cardiorespiratory monitoring in infants with ALTE. GERD diagnosis and treatment are mandatory in these patients.
Acid Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Apparent Life-Threatening Events : Simultaneous pH-metry and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring / F. Macchini, A. Morandi, P. Cognizzoli, G. Farris, V. Gentilino, A. Zanini, E. Leva. - In: PEDIATRICS & NEONATOLOGY. - ISSN 1875-9572. - 58:1(2017 Feb), pp. 43-47.
|Titolo:||Acid Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Apparent Life-Threatening Events : Simultaneous pH-metry and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring|
|Parole Chiave:||apparent life threatening events; gastro-esophageal reflux disease; pH-metry; Cardiovascular Diseases; Cohort Studies; Death; Female; Gastroesophageal Reflux; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/20 - Chirurgia Pediatrica e Infantile|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedneo.2015.12.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|