Background and study aims  Virtual chromoendoscopy with Fuji Intelligent Color Enhancement (FICE) has never been studied in prospective trials of endoscopic surveillance for ulcerative colitis (UC). We compared FICE and white light endoscopy (WLE) in differentiation of visible lesions in UC. Patients and methods  In a prospective parallel study, we compared consecutive outpatients with UC submitted to surveillance colonoscopy with FICE or WLE. At least one visible polypoid or non-polypoid lesion for each patient was required. Random biopsies from normal mucosa, targeted biopsies or removal of suspected neoplastic lesions and targeted biopsies of unsuspected lesions were performed. In the FICE arm, neoplasia was suspected according to a modified Kudo classification (FICE-KUDO/inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]). Sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR) and negative predictive value (NPV) were analyzed. Results  One hundred patients were submitted to FICE (n = 46) or WLE (n = 54). Twenty-two patients (11 in WLE, 11 in FICE) had a least one neoplastic lesion. No neoplasia was found in random biopsies. Among 275 lesions, 17 of 136 by FICE and 27 of 139 by WLE were suspected neoplasia, but 28 (14 in each arm) were true neoplastic lesions. The accuracy of FICE-KUDO/IBD vs WLE (per lesion) was: SE 93 % vs 64 % ( P  = 0.065), SP 97 % vs 86 % ( P  = 0.002), positive-LR 28.3 vs 4.5 ( P  = 0.001), negative-LR 0.07 vs 0.42 ( P  = 0.092), NPV 99 % vs 96 % ( P  = 0.083). FICE-KUDO/IBD detected more non-polypoid lesions than WLE ( P  = 0.016). Conclusions  Targeted biopsies of polypoid and non-polypoid lesions, using the modified Kudo classification with FICE are more accurate than WLE in UC surveillance.

Modified Kudo classification can improve accuracy of virtual chromoendoscopy with FICE in endoscopic surveillance of ulcerative colitis / A. Cassinotti, P. Fociani, P. Duca, M. Nebuloni, S.E.C. Davies, G. Sampietro, F. Buffoli, A. Corona, G. Maconi, S. Ardizzone. - In: ENDOSCOPY INTERNATIONAL OPEN. - ISSN 2364-3722. - 8:10(2020 Oct), pp. E1414-E1422. [10.1055/a-1165-0169]

Modified Kudo classification can improve accuracy of virtual chromoendoscopy with FICE in endoscopic surveillance of ulcerative colitis

A. Cassinotti
Primo
;
P. Duca;M. Nebuloni;A. Corona;G. Maconi
Penultimo
;
S. Ardizzone
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Background and study aims  Virtual chromoendoscopy with Fuji Intelligent Color Enhancement (FICE) has never been studied in prospective trials of endoscopic surveillance for ulcerative colitis (UC). We compared FICE and white light endoscopy (WLE) in differentiation of visible lesions in UC. Patients and methods  In a prospective parallel study, we compared consecutive outpatients with UC submitted to surveillance colonoscopy with FICE or WLE. At least one visible polypoid or non-polypoid lesion for each patient was required. Random biopsies from normal mucosa, targeted biopsies or removal of suspected neoplastic lesions and targeted biopsies of unsuspected lesions were performed. In the FICE arm, neoplasia was suspected according to a modified Kudo classification (FICE-KUDO/inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]). Sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR) and negative predictive value (NPV) were analyzed. Results  One hundred patients were submitted to FICE (n = 46) or WLE (n = 54). Twenty-two patients (11 in WLE, 11 in FICE) had a least one neoplastic lesion. No neoplasia was found in random biopsies. Among 275 lesions, 17 of 136 by FICE and 27 of 139 by WLE were suspected neoplasia, but 28 (14 in each arm) were true neoplastic lesions. The accuracy of FICE-KUDO/IBD vs WLE (per lesion) was: SE 93 % vs 64 % ( P  = 0.065), SP 97 % vs 86 % ( P  = 0.002), positive-LR 28.3 vs 4.5 ( P  = 0.001), negative-LR 0.07 vs 0.42 ( P  = 0.092), NPV 99 % vs 96 % ( P  = 0.083). FICE-KUDO/IBD detected more non-polypoid lesions than WLE ( P  = 0.016). Conclusions  Targeted biopsies of polypoid and non-polypoid lesions, using the modified Kudo classification with FICE are more accurate than WLE in UC surveillance.
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
ott-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/810714
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